E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar.

Abstract
Background: Obesity among children and adolescents is becoming an epidemic in India due to various life style changes, both in the developed and developing nations.As per World Health Organization estimates, 41 million children under five years and more than 340 million children and young teens of age group 5 to 19 years were having overweight or obesity in the year 2016. The study focuses on factors affecting physical health and its abilities due to overweight, self-esteem and academic performance of children in South India.

Methodology: The study design was Non Experimental, Observational study.130 overweight children were selected out of 1300 students from two schools. The inclusion criteria were BMI of 85 to 95 percentile of their age and sex,11 to 15 years of age.In physical fitness , anthropometricmeasurements, 7 sites-skin fold measurements, Fitness Gram sit and reach test, sit up test were measured, In addition to that self esteem was measured by students self concept scale and academic performance of summative assessment marks also noted down.

Results: The correlation between data were made by Pearson correlation tests for Body mass Index with sit and reach test, curl ups, fat %, Fat Mass, FFM, other than this Self Esteem Test and Academic Performance Tests.The interrelationship between the BMI and sit and reach test of mean 24.2, 20.07 respectively shows very low positive correlation with non- significant p-value (0.0182), followed by BMI and Curlups , mean values are 24.24 and 6.62 shows very low negative correlation, non-significant value (0.140).No correlation between BMI and self estimate, academic performance with non-significant p-value 0.905, 0.291, their mean values are 57.48 and 230.73.

Conclusion: The study concluded that overweight children have negative impact in health promotion and fitness, while this study shows difference in correlation with BMI and other physical performance tests.

Key words: Overweight children, physical fitness, skin fold measurements, Self Esteem, sit and reach test, curl ups, fat %.


 
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Pubmed Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. . 2020; 11(3): 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24


Web Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. http://www.jcdronline.org//?mno=118192 [Access: August 02, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. . 2020; 11(3): 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. . (2020), [cited August 02, 2020]; 11(3): 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



Harvard Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar (2020) Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. , 11 (3), 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



Turabian Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. 2020. Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 11 (3), 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



Chicago Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. "Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 11 (2020), 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar. "Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 11.3 (2020), 101-105. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

D. Malarvizhi, P. Sekar (2020) Relationship of Physical Fitness and Body Mass Index in Overweight School Children, Chengalpattu District, India. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 11 (3), 101-105. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.03.24





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