E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research 


Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases

Tengiz Verulava, Revaz Jorbenadze, Ghonghadze Ana.

Abstract
Background: Cardiac surgery has been linked to high rates of preoperative anxiety. The goal of this study was to evaluate preoperative anxiety and its predisposing factors in a group of patients with congenital heart diseases. Methods: As part of the Quantitative Cross-Sectional Study, a survey was conducted using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Meaning-of-Life Orientations (MLO) test by Leontiev. The study was conducted at Chapidze Emergency Cardiology Center (Tbilisi, Georgia). Results: Medium level of anxiety was 50.06±11.30. Mean value of anxiety was higher in women (52.2±11,06) than in men (48.12±10,09). Significant difference wasn’t found between anxiety level and other demographic and clinical variables (age, weight, lifestyle, presence of hypertension and diabetes). Significantly higher difference (p=0,016) was found in patients with previous cardiac surgery (26,36±30,23) and tobacco users (20,34±24,64; p=0,032). According to the MLO test results, the general rate of the Life orientation was significantly lower (M=88.7) and all indicators: "Meaning of Life" (M=23), "Life process" (M=24); “Life efficiency” (M=20); „Control locus - me“ (M=15); „Control locus - life“ (M=25). Conclusion: During the surgery anticipation period the patients have low consideration of own lives, low personal self-esteem and different levels of anxiety, indicating that qualified psychological and psychotherapeutic support is essential to decrease emotional tension, improve post-surgical results. The approach towards the patients should have a holistic character, when both physical and mental conditions of the patients are given equal importance.

Key words: Cardiac surgery, Anxiety, Stress, Preoperative anxiety


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19


Web Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=50132 [Access: July 26, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited July 26, 2021]; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Harvard Style

Verulava, T., Jorbenadze, . R. & Ana, . G. (2021) Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Turabian Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. 2021. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Chicago Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. "Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. "Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.1 (2021), 105-109. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Verulava, T., Jorbenadze, . R. & Ana, . G. (2021) Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19





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