E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal.

Abstract
Background: No study has been undertaken on people of Asian Indian origin to investigate the age and sex
variation in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Objectives: To investigate the age
and sex variation in the prevalence of CVD risk factors among the people of Asian Indian origin. Materials
and Methods: A total of 682 (302 males and 380 females) participants aged 25–85 years took part in the study.
The subjects were categorized into 4 groups, namely, Group I (25–34 years), Group II (35–44 years), Group
III (45–54 years), and Group IV (55 years and above). Height, weight, and the circumferences of minimum
waist (MWC) and maximum hip were collected using standard techniques. Waist–hip ratio (WHR) was then
calculated. Percentage of body fat (%BF) and body mass index (BMI) were measured using an Omron body fat
analyzer. Left arm systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were taken from each participant with the
help of an Omron MI digital electronic blood/pulse monitor. Metabolic pro les, namely, total cholesterol (TC),
triglyceride (TG), high (HDL), low (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and fasting blood glucose
(FBG) were also measured using an autoanalyzer. Results: One-way analysis of variance revealed signi cant
differences for age, BMI, MWC, WHR, SBP, DBP, TC, TG, LDL, VLDL, and TC:HDL and TG:HDL ratios
across the groups. It was observed that there were signi cant sex-speci c group differences (male [2 (12)]
=29.22, P < 0.01 and female [2 (12)] =56.69, P < 0.001) for obesity, high BP, high TC, high TG, and high FBG.
But no signi cant group-speci c sex difference was evident for either of the risk factors, except for Group IV.
Conclusion: Age irrespective of sex modulates CVD risk factors and warranted prevention as early as middle age.

Key words: Aging, Asian Indians, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Arnab Ghosh
Articles by Minakshi Bhagat
Articles by Mithun Das
Articles by Sanjib Kumar Bala
Articles by Riddhi Goswami
Articles by Susil Pal
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1
Downloaded: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. . 2010; 1(2): 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441


Web Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. http://www.jcdronline.org//?mno=92929 [Access: March 27, 2020]. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. . 2010; 1(2): 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. . (2010), [cited March 27, 2020]; 1(2): 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



Harvard Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal (2010) Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. , 1 (2), 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



Turabian Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. 2010. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 1 (2), 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



Chicago Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. "Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 1 (2010), 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal. "Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 1.2 (2010), 81-85. Print. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat, Mithun Das, Sanjib Kumar Bala, Riddhi Goswami, Susil Pal (2010) Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in people of Asian Indian origin: Age and sex variation. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 1 (2), 81-85. doi:10.4103/0975-3583.64441





Most Viewed Articles
  • Reduced nitrate level in individuals with hypertension and diabetes
    Shiekh Gazalla Ayub, Taha Ayub, Saquib Naveed Khan, Rubiya Dar, Khurshid Iqbal Andrabi
    . 2011; 2(3): 172-176
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.85264

  • Factor analysis of risk variables associated with metabolic syndrome in adult Asian Indians
    Mithun Das, Susil Pal, Arnab Ghosh
    . 2010; 1(2): 86-91
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.64442

  • Typical coronary artery aneurysm exactly within drug-eluting stent implantation region in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis
    Ying Zheng, Jing-yuan Mao
    . 2012; 3(4): 329-331
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.102725

  • Putative antioxidant property of sesame oil in an oxidative stress model of myocardial injury
    Mohamed T.S. Saleem , Madhusudhana C. Chetty , S. Kavimani
    . 2013; 4(3): 177-181
    » Abstract » doi: 10.1016/j.jcdr.2013.07.001

  • Medical and Social Characteristics and Quality of Life of Children with Urinary System Diseases (on the Example of Urinary System Infection)
    A.A. Maksimova, N.V. Savvina, N.M. Gogolev, A.I. Protopopova
    . 2020; 11(2): 194-201
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.02.33

  • Most Downloaded
  • Assessment of the Knowledge and Attitude of Male Students towards Smoking Based on Health Belief Model
    Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Khatereh Rostami, Amin Kiani, Afsaneh Ghasemi
    . 2020; 11(4): 116-121
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.20

  • Diabetic Retinopathy, The Automated of Detection of Retinal Fundus Images with Probabilistic Neural Networks (PNN)
    Elvina Amanda, Marischa Elveny, Rahmad Syah
    . 2020; 11(4): 302-306
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.54

  • Investigation of the Relationship between Social Support and Adherence to Treatment among Elderly Individuals with Type II Diabetes Mellitus
    Afsaneh Ghasemi, Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Leila Nikrouz, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Zahra Khiali
    . 2020; 11(4): 122-129
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.21

  • Cardio-Vascular Disease Classification Using Stacked Segmentation Model and Convolutional Neural Networks
    G. Charlyn Pushpa Latha, S. Sridhar, S. Prithi, T. Anitha
    . 2020; 11(4): 26-31
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.05

  • Investigating the Lifestyle Related to Cancer Risk Factors among People of Gonbad City in 2019
    Nasibeh Zerangian, Namamali Azadi, Mahnaz Solhi, Morteza Mansourian
    . 2020; 11(4): 91-97
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.16

  • Most Cited Articles