E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar.

Abstract
Background.The public-private mix (PPM) has been considered as a successful strategy for tuberculosis (TB) care
and control worldwide. Despite the implementation and regulation of the PPM approach, the distribution of TB
patients has still been one-sided that public health centers were still more preferred by the patients rather than the
private provider.
Objective. This study was aimed to evaluate the enactment of PPM in the Indonesian context by analyzing the
difference of referral cases in primary care.
Method.Drawing on a cross-sectional analysis, based on visitation data of TB patients in Indonesia (n =
19,462).Samples were collected by stratified, non-proportional random sampling method.
Results. The analysis shows that the distribution of TB patients is still one-sided, that the majority of the patients
chose public health centers (69.13%). TB visitors between public and private health providers were still not in
balance. Visits to a practicing doctor (OR = 7.93; p < 0.001) and a primary clinic (OR = 8.16; p < 0.001) will have a
risk of further referral.
Conclusions.The involvement of the private sector is needed. The district-based public-private mix is the chosen
method to improve the TB service network, especially in areas with high visits to the private sector.

Key words: tuberculosis; referral case; public-private mix


 
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Pubmed Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37


Web Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=109558 [Access: August 13, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited August 13, 2021]; 12(5): 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



Harvard Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar (2021) Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (5), 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



Turabian Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. 2021. Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



Chicago Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. "Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar. "Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.5 (2021), 246-250. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Erlina Wijayanti, Adang Bachtiar (2021) Tuberculosis Referral Cases In Primary Care: An Evaluation On Public-Private Mix Program In Indonesia. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 246-250. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.37





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