E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem.

Abstract
Background
Direct acting antivirals (DAA) havesignificantly contributed to the treatment protocol for chronic hepatitis C (CHC),
nonetheless, there are concerns regarding their safety especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an emerging biomarker for renal tubular injury. Herein, we
aimed to estimate the changes in serum NGAL levelsfollowing DAA-therapy, as well as to investigate the diagnostic
reliability of serum NGAL in case of potential DAA-related nephrotoxicity. We consecutively enrolled 80treatmentnaļve
adult CHC patients who were eligible for DAA-therapy. We further categorizedthe patients into 2 groups,
group I included 40 patients with normal kidney functions who received SOF/DAC for 12-weeks, whereas group II
included 40 CKD patients who received OBV/PTV/r + RBV for 12-weeks. In addition, 20 healthy participants with
matched age and sex were enrolled as controls.The serum NGAL level was measured at baseline and at the end of
therapy(EOT) using an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
Results
At EOT compared to baseline, serum NGAL levels were significantlydecreased in group I (271 ± 77.24 vs 167.3 ±
89.19 ng/mL, P<0.001) and group II (471.45 ± 97.42 vs 360.1 ± 122.81 ng/mL, P<0.001), along with steady levels
of serum creatinine as well as eGFR. Serum NGAL levels were negatively correlated with eGFR at baseline and
EOT in group II (r = -0.928 and -0.728, respectively, P< 0.001). NGAL serum level at a cut-off value > 342 ng/mL
had97.22%sensitivityand97.73%specificity in predicting patients with KDIGO-CKD stage >2.
Conclusion
DAA are not only safe to use in CKD patients, but also has an additive beneficial effect on the renal tubules via
HCV eradication as indicated by the significant decline in serum NGAL levels.

Key words: Antiviral agents; Hepatitis C virus; Inflammation; Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin Protein; Kidney Tubule; Sofosbuvir; Paritaprevir; Acute Kidney Injury


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106


Web Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=119071 [Access: September 02, 2021]. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited September 02, 2021]; 12(5): 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



Harvard Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem (2021) Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (5), 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



Turabian Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. 2021. Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



Chicago Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. "Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem. "Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.5 (2021), 775-756. Print. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Michael George Nada, Ehab Hasan Nashaat, Ahmed Ibrahim Elshafie, Ghada Abdelrahman Mohamed, Walaa Mohamed Hashem (2021) Effects Of Direct Acting Antivirals on Glomerular Filtration Rates and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin During Treatment of Hepatitis C Patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 775-756. doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.106





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