E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research 


Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Shaheena Yassir, Prabha Adhikari, Nivedita L Rao, Prashanth R M.

Abstract
Introduction: Obesity is one of the modifiable risk factors of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications viz. coronary artery disease (CAD). Scientific evidence indicates a stronger association of angiographic severity with obesity. The present study is aimed to compare the association of different anthropometric measurements with angiographic severity among diabetic patients with CAD and evaluate its usefulness in clinical practice.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 78 consecutive diabetic patients who underwent coronary angiography for suspected or known CAD of both gender aged between 35 and 65 years with significant angiographic findings of >50% diameter stenosis. Grouping is done based on BMI (Body mass index): Group I - 18 to 24.9 kg/m2 and group II - ≥ 25 kg/m2. WC(waist circumference) > 90 cm in males and > 80 cm in females considered as abnormal (central obesity). Height, weight, BMI, WC (waist circumference), and VAI (visceral adiposity index) are used for anthropometric measurements. The Gensini scoring system is used for the assessment of the severity of CAD.
Results: Among the 78 patients 57 (73%) and 21(27%) were males and females respectively. There were 43% (n=33) with high BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 but 69.2% had abnormal WC. Gensini score was 34.9 SE 4.5640 and 36.09 SE 5.77 among the group I and group II respectively. We found a statistically significant association of WC with no. of vessels involved (P 0.019).
Conclusion: There was a significant positive association of WC with no. of vessels involved among diabetic patients with CAD.

Key words: Keywords: Body mass index, waist circumference, coronary artery disease, Gensini score


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yassir S, PA, Rao NL, M PR. Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. . 2021; 12(1): 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10


Web Style

Yassir S, PA, Rao NL, M PR. Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. http://www.jcdronline.org//?mno=121035 [Access: March 26, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yassir S, PA, Rao NL, M PR. Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. . 2021; 12(1): 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yassir S, PA, Rao NL, M PR. Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. . (2021), [cited March 26, 2021]; 12(1): 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



Harvard Style

Yassir, S., , . P. A., Rao, . N. L. & M, . P. R. (2021) Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. , 12 (1), 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



Turabian Style

Yassir, Shaheena, Prabha Adhikari, Nivedita L Rao, and Prashanth R M. 2021. Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



Chicago Style

Yassir, Shaheena, Prabha Adhikari, Nivedita L Rao, and Prashanth R M. "Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yassir, Shaheena, Prabha Adhikari, Nivedita L Rao, and Prashanth R M. "Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.1 (2021), 39-43. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yassir, S., , . P. A., Rao, . N. L. & M, . P. R. (2021) Association of Anthropometric Measurements with Angiographic findings among Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 39-43. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.10