E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed.

Abstract
Nail involvement occurs in 8090% of patients with plaque psoriasis and is considerably more
prevalent in psoriatic arthritis sufferers. This review is the result of a systematic review of the literature
and includes information on topical, intralesional, conventional systemic, biologic systemic, and nonpharmacological
treatments for nail psoriasis. According to existing research, all anti-tumor necrosis
factor (TNF), anti-interleukin (IL)-17, and anti-IL-12/23 antibodies approved for plaque psoriasis and
psoriatic arthritis are extremely effective treatments for nail psoriasis. Conventional systemic
medications for nail psoriasis, such as methotrexate, cyclosporine, acitretin, and apremilast, as well as
intralesional corticosteroids, may also be beneficial. Additionally, topical therapies such as
corticosteroids, calcipotriol, tacrolimus, and tazarotene have been demonstrated to be effective in the
treatment of nail psoriasis, particularly in mild cases. Finally, non-pharmacological treatment methods
such as phototherapy, photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, and numerous radiotherapeutic possibilities
are discussed but cannot be recommended as first-line therapy. Additionally, this analysis concludes
that the absence of a credible core set of outcome measures for nail psoriasis trials impairs
interpretation and is urgently required

Key words: Nail involvement occurs in 8090% of patients with plaque psoriasis and is considerably more prevalent in psoriatic arthritis sufferers


 
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Pubmed Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138


Web Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=124383 [Access: September 13, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited September 13, 2021]; 12(5): 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



Harvard Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed (2021) Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (5), 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



Turabian Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. 2021. Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



Chicago Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. "Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed. "Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.5 (2021), 1049-1056. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amany Nassar, Rania Elakad,Hadeel Atef Saeed (2021) Medication-Assisted Treatment of Nail Psoriasis. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 1049-1056. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.138





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