E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab.

Abstract
Respiratory distress and poor oxygenation caused by pneumonia has long been a major
concern of healthcare providersleading to respiratory distress and poor oxygenation that consequently
results in poor prognosis and prolonged hospital stay. This is why physical therapists are inclined
towards improving patients’ symptoms and oxygenation using various therapeutic measures.This study
aims at comparing the effect of flow versus volume incentive spirometers on arterial blood gases in
patients diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia.Forty male patients, aged between 50 and 60 years and
diagnosed with bacterial bronchopneumonia participated in this study and were randomized into two
equal groups in umbers (A and B). The former used flow inventive spirometers and the latter used
volume spirometers. At the end of the study duration, arterial blood gases of both groups were
compared. Groups A and B both showed significant increase in PaO2 and SPO2 (p≤0.05) . However,
the latter showed more improvement in both variables (27.1% and 6.6% respectively) compared to
(14.2% and 3.1% respectively) in the former group.Conclusion:Volume incentive spirometers are
more effective than flow incentive spirometers in improving arterial blood gases in patients with
bacterial bronchopneumonia.

Key words: Bacterial pneumonia, oxygen saturation, ventilation, pulmonary rehabilitation, chest physiotherapy.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15


Web Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=127225 [Access: September 25, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited September 25, 2021]; 12(6): 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



Harvard Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab (2021) Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (6), 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



Turabian Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. 2021. Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



Chicago Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. "Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab. "Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.6 (2021), 102-110. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Israa M. Youssef, Azza A. Abd-Elhady, Mohamed M. El Batanouny, Mona A. Ghallab (2021) Volume Incentive Spirometer is more Effective than Flow Incentive Spirometer on Arterial Blood Gases in Patients with Pneumonia. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 102-110. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.15





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