E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU

Dr. Kaushik Barot.

Abstract
Aim: The aim of the present study determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia in
newborn.Material and methods: In this prospective observational study, which lasted one
yearwas conducted in the Department of Paediatrics at Shantabaa Medical College and
General Hospital in Amreli, Gujarat. This research comprised 100 patients who were
admitted to the NICU and had blood glucose levels less than 45 mg/dl. During the active
phase of illness, blood sugar levels were checked every 6 hours in critically ill neonates with
risk factors at 2, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours of life or whenever symptoms suggestive of
hypoglycemia appeared in any neonate.Results:Among the 100 neonates with hypoglycemia,
59 (59%) were males and 41 (41%) were females. Among the study population 85 (85%) of
neonates had at least one risk factor (maternal/neonatal) and 15 cases (15%) had no risk
factor.The maternal risk factors that were associated with hypoglycemia were 17% had
GDM, 12% had PIH and 2% had PROM as maternal risk factors. 69% had no maternal risk
factor. The neonatal risk factors associated with hypoglycemia were prematurity (27%), SGA
(30%), LGA (6%), IDM (21%) and comorbidities (sepsis, birth asphyxia, polycythemia and
shock) were present in 16% of the hypoglycemic neonates. Out of 100 children with
hypoglycemia 63 (63%) were asymptomatic and 37 (37%) presented with symptoms. The
common symptoms were poor feeding (70.27%), lethargy (18.92%), jitteriness (10.81%),
irritability (5.40%), hypotonia (2.70%) and cyanosis (2.70%). 29% of neonates presented
with hypoglycemia on day 1 of life, 26% of neonates on day 2, 22% on day 3 and 23%
beyond 72 hours of life. Conclusion: Majority of the newborns were asymptomatic, blood
glucose monitoring in neonates with this risk factor should be performed on a regular basis. It
is critical to stress the significance of starting breast feeding as soon as possible in order to
avoid hypoglycemia.

Key words: Clinical profile, Hypoglycemia, Neonates, Prevalence, Risk factors


 
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Pubmed Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25


Web Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=132102 [Access: October 11, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited October 11, 2021]; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Harvard Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot (2021) An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Turabian Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. 2021. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Chicago Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. "An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. "An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.6 (2021), 175-180. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot (2021) An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25





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