E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU

Dr. Kaushik Barot.

Abstract
Aim: The aim of the present study determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia in
newborn.Material and methods: In this prospective observational study, which lasted one
yearwas conducted in the Department of Paediatrics at Shantabaa Medical College and
General Hospital in Amreli, Gujarat. This research comprised 100 patients who were
admitted to the NICU and had blood glucose levels less than 45 mg/dl. During the active
phase of illness, blood sugar levels were checked every 6 hours in critically ill neonates with
risk factors at 2, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours of life or whenever symptoms suggestive of
hypoglycemia appeared in any neonate.Results:Among the 100 neonates with hypoglycemia,
59 (59%) were males and 41 (41%) were females. Among the study population 85 (85%) of
neonates had at least one risk factor (maternal/neonatal) and 15 cases (15%) had no risk
factor.The maternal risk factors that were associated with hypoglycemia were 17% had
GDM, 12% had PIH and 2% had PROM as maternal risk factors. 69% had no maternal risk
factor. The neonatal risk factors associated with hypoglycemia were prematurity (27%), SGA
(30%), LGA (6%), IDM (21%) and comorbidities (sepsis, birth asphyxia, polycythemia and
shock) were present in 16% of the hypoglycemic neonates. Out of 100 children with
hypoglycemia 63 (63%) were asymptomatic and 37 (37%) presented with symptoms. The
common symptoms were poor feeding (70.27%), lethargy (18.92%), jitteriness (10.81%),
irritability (5.40%), hypotonia (2.70%) and cyanosis (2.70%). 29% of neonates presented
with hypoglycemia on day 1 of life, 26% of neonates on day 2, 22% on day 3 and 23%
beyond 72 hours of life. Conclusion: Majority of the newborns were asymptomatic, blood
glucose monitoring in neonates with this risk factor should be performed on a regular basis. It
is critical to stress the significance of starting breast feeding as soon as possible in order to
avoid hypoglycemia.

Key words: Clinical profile, Hypoglycemia, Neonates, Prevalence, Risk factors


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Dr. Kaushik Barot
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25


Web Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=132102 [Access: January 16, 2022]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited January 16, 2022]; 12(6): 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Harvard Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot (2021) An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Turabian Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. 2021. An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



Chicago Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. "An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot. "An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.6 (2021), 175-180. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr. Kaushik Barot (2021) An observational research to determine the clinical profile of hypoglycemia of neonates admitted in NICU. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 175-180. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.25





Most Viewed Articles
  • Effects of right ventricular septal versus apical pacing on plasma natriuretic peptide levels
    nikoo M.H, ghaedian m. m., kafi M., fakhrpour A., Jorat M. V., Pakfetrat M., Ostovan M., Zahra Emkanjoo
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(2): 104-109
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.83036

  • Massive pericardial effusion as the only manifestation of primary hypothyroidism
    Radheshyam Purkait , Anand Prasad , Ramchandra Bhadra , Arindam Basu
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2013; 4(4): 248-250
    » Abstract » doi: 10.1016/j.jcdr.2014.01.001

  • Impact of light exercises in selective cognitive response andhandballshooting accuracy performance in Mesopotamia handball players
    Ahuda Naji Zaidan, Qusay Mohammed Hamdan, Mohammed Kadhim Saleh, Samer Saadoun Abd El , Rida
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(2): 141-145
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.02.18

  • Reduced nitrate level in individuals with hypertension and diabetes
    Shiekh Gazalla Ayub, Taha Ayub, Saquib Naveed Khan, Rubiya Dar, Khurshid Iqbal Andrabi
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(3): 172-176
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.85264

  • Factor analysis of risk variables associated with metabolic syndrome in adult Asian Indians
    Mithun Das, Susil Pal, Arnab Ghosh
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2010; 1(2): 86-91
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.64442

  • Most Downloaded
  • Assessment of the Knowledge and Attitude of Male Students towards Smoking Based on Health Belief Model
    Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Khatereh Rostami, Amin Kiani, Afsaneh Ghasemi
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 116-121
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.20

  • Diabetic Retinopathy, The Automated of Detection of Retinal Fundus Images with Probabilistic Neural Networks (PNN)
    Elvina Amanda, Marischa Elveny, Rahmad Syah
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 302-306
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.54

  • Investigation of the Relationship between Social Support and Adherence to Treatment among Elderly Individuals with Type II Diabetes Mellitus
    Afsaneh Ghasemi, Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Leila Nikrouz, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Zahra Khiali
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 122-129
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.21

  • Evaluation of the RV function in ASD patients pre and post transcatheter occlusion by speckle tracking
    Ghazi Farhan Haji, Venus Abdulwahid Alwan, Sa`ad Hashim Mohammed
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(1): 24-30
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.01.07

  • Preclinical Study of Derivative of 3-Oxypiridone in Experimental Pre-Eclampsia
    Alesya V. Yurakova, Sofya Y.Skachilova, Lyudmila M.Danilenko, Indira S. Kochkarova, Natalia V.Ekimova, Anastasia V. Gureeva, Il'ya S. Rozhkov, Adelaida V. Polyanskaya
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 66-70
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.11

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Alterations in oropharyngeal airway volume and dimensions following treatment with mandibular anterior repositioning in class II malocclusion
    Dr Wagisha Barbi, Dr. Jasmine Nindra, Dr. Pranav Manek, Dr. Partho Shankar Chakraborty, Dr. Priyadarshini Rangari
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 603-607
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.81
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Comparative Assessment of the Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on the Severity and Control of Bronchial Asthma in Children
    Dr. Sushant Kumar, Dr Sanjeev Kumar, Dr. Vinod Kumar Mishra
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 484-489
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.65
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • To Determine the Influence of Body Mass Index on Blood Pressure in People with Hypertension
    Dr. Rajesh Kumar Pandey, Asha Kumari, Dr.S.N.Sachit, Dr.V.K.Mishra
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(4): 1634-1643
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.03.172
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • IN SILICO DESIGNING AND ANALYSIS OF INHIBITORS AGAINST TARGET PROTEIN OF MALARIA
    Nainshi Omar, Preeti Verma, Abhinav Prasoon Mishra, Bhupendra Chauhan, Suyash Gupta, Riya Mathur
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(3): 2882-2895
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.03.374
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • IDEATIFICATIONFOR THE LEVEL ANTIBODES (IGG ANDIGM) OF TOXOPLASMA GONDIIIMMNOCOMPROMISEDPATIENTS IN KIRKUK CITY
    AbedullkaligAlwanmhemedQasim Ibrahim Khalaf
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(3): 2925-2929
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.03.378
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]