E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan.

Abstract
Introduction
The World Health Organization (WHO) has outlined herbal medicine as culminated labelled medicinal
products that incorporate lively ingredients as aerial or underground accessories of plants. Of the
2,50,000 higher plant species on earth, more than 80000 species are reported to have at least some
medicinal value.
Objective
Plants live on a planet with ages and that affects their phytoconstituents. Challenge is, availability of
active principles in medicinal plants change by seasonal fluctuations, so their dose pattern for
therapeutic efficacy also gets influenced. The best duration for the harvesting of specific secondary
metabolites for better yield is not fixed. Seasonal impact show changes in important constituents like
polyphenol, flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, essential oil etc. Late summer is the best collection time
for essential oil component. Winter and rainy are best season for other secondary metabolites.
Methods
The selected plant i.e. Syzygiumcumini L. belongs to alkaloidal category with having antidiabetic
activity. Plant was evaluated for pharmacognosticstudy which includes macroscopicand
microscopic evaluation, determination of physicochemical parameters in a systematic way. HPTLC
fingerprinting for stigmasterol was done. Study was performed for plant material with three
different seasons and best results were analysed.
Results and Conclusion
Selected plantshowed correct taxonomy with specific morphological, microscopical and physicochemical
parameters which is helpful for the standardization of phytoconstituents. Extractsshowed
presence of alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, steroids, phenolics, saponin and carbohydrate. HPTLC
fingerprinting confirmed the presence of stigmasterolin the plant extracts. Seasonal variations
occour in plant constituent shows best collection period. Current research aims to focus on best
possible season for the harvesting of some pharmaceutically important plant materials.

Key words: Secondary metabolites, Herbal medicines, alkaloids, antidiabetic, seasonal variations


 
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Pubmed Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31


Web Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=135214 [Access: December 04, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(6): 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited December 04, 2021]; 12(6): 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



Harvard Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan (2021) SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (6), 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



Turabian Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. 2021. SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



Chicago Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. "SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan. "SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.6 (2021), 225-233. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gautam Palshikar, P. Shanmuga Pandiyan (2021) SEASONAL VARIATIONS ON ANTIDIABETIC PHYTOCHEMICALS IN SYZYGIUM CUMINI L.. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (6), 225-233. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.06.31





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