E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women

Dr. Jaya Shukla.

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:This study was centered to explore the prevalence and determinants of genitourinary syndrome of
menopause(GSM) in postmenopausal women attending Gynae OPD of B.R.D Medical college, Gorakhpur, Uttar
Pradesh.
METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was performed on 162 patients who had attained their menopause
more than one year back visiting to Gynecology OPD of B.R.D. Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh and
had given consent for pelvic examination during a period of 6 months(September 2018 to February 2019). The
participating women were questioned about their genitourinary complains, and the relationship between these
symptoms and other factors were evaluated.
RESULTS:The prevalence of genitourinary syndrome was found to be 38.6%. The most prevalent genital
symptoms were irritation/burning(68.2%), itching(61.9%), pelvic pain(60%). Increased frequency of
micturition(55.5%) and dysuria(52.4%) were most prevalent urological symptoms.However, superficial dyspareunia
in sexually active females was encountered to be 48.2%. Most prevalent signs were loss of vaginal rugae(88.4%)
and vaginal pallor(68.9%). The prevalence of genitourinary symptoms was higher in women already having
urogynecological pathologies i.e. stress incontinence( OR 2.6), vaginal prolapsed( OR 2.2), urinary tract infections(
OR 2.2). BMI>30 kg/m2 was an important determinant for genitourinary syndrome.
CONCLUSION:The Genitourinary syndrome of menopause( GSM) is prevalent in postmenopausal women
affecting upto 38% of those consulting gynecologist which is not a less number . In this study only 19(11.7%)
sexually active in which superficial dyspareunia amounted to 48.2%. This less number might be due to women
taking it granted that sexual life is no more after menopause and not talking about their problems related to sexual
function to the clinicians for proper management. While in other studies done worldwide maximum symptoms were
pertaining to sexual problem. Despite high prevalence of symptoms and signs it remains undiagnosed and
undertreated. It seems necessary to provide adequate evaluation in postmenopausal women.The term, GSM provides
an accurate and comprehensive description of a common symptomatic postmenopausal condition and encompasses
both vulovaginalatrophy and urological changes. This latest terminology helps create awareness and reduce social
stigma of the problems associated with postmenopausal hypoestrogenism and helping the physician to tailor the
appropriate treatment.

Key words: Genitourinary syndrome, postmenopausal hypoestrogenism.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Dr. Jaya Shukla
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(4): 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44


Web Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=94003 [Access: July 26, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(4): 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited July 26, 2021]; 12(4): 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



Harvard Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla (2021) To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (4), 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



Turabian Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. 2021. To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (4), 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



Chicago Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. "To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla. "To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.4 (2021), 369-375. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr. Jaya Shukla (2021) To study prevalence and determinants of Genitourinary Syndrome among Menopause Women. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (4), 369-375. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.44





Most Viewed Articles
  • Massive pericardial effusion as the only manifestation of primary hypothyroidism
    Radheshyam Purkait , Anand Prasad , Ramchandra Bhadra , Arindam Basu
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2013; 4(4): 248-250
    » Abstract » doi: 10.1016/j.jcdr.2014.01.001

  • Impact of light exercises in selective cognitive response andhandballshooting accuracy performance in Mesopotamia handball players
    Ahuda Naji Zaidan, Qusay Mohammed Hamdan, Mohammed Kadhim Saleh, Samer Saadoun Abd El , Rida
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(2): 141-145
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.02.18

  • Reduced nitrate level in individuals with hypertension and diabetes
    Shiekh Gazalla Ayub, Taha Ayub, Saquib Naveed Khan, Rubiya Dar, Khurshid Iqbal Andrabi
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2011; 2(3): 172-176
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.85264

  • Factor analysis of risk variables associated with metabolic syndrome in adult Asian Indians
    Mithun Das, Susil Pal, Arnab Ghosh
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2010; 1(2): 86-91
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.64442

  • Typical coronary artery aneurysm exactly within drug-eluting stent implantation region in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis
    Ying Zheng, Jing-yuan Mao
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2012; 3(4): 329-331
    » Abstract » doi: 10.4103/0975-3583.102725

  • Most Downloaded
  • Assessment of the Knowledge and Attitude of Male Students towards Smoking Based on Health Belief Model
    Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Khatereh Rostami, Amin Kiani, Afsaneh Ghasemi
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 116-121
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.20

  • Diabetic Retinopathy, The Automated of Detection of Retinal Fundus Images with Probabilistic Neural Networks (PNN)
    Elvina Amanda, Marischa Elveny, Rahmad Syah
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 302-306
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.54

  • Investigation of the Relationship between Social Support and Adherence to Treatment among Elderly Individuals with Type II Diabetes Mellitus
    Afsaneh Ghasemi, Rafat Rezapour-Nasrabad, Leila Nikrouz, Fatemeh Izadi, Atousa Karimi, Fateme Shariati Far, Zahra Khiali
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 122-129
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.21

  • Cardio-Vascular Disease Classification Using Stacked Segmentation Model and Convolutional Neural Networks
    G. Charlyn Pushpa Latha, S. Sridhar, S. Prithi, T. Anitha
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 26-31
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.05

  • The Prediction of the Bisoprolol Effectiveness in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease with Post-Infarction Cardiosclerosis
    Svetlana S. Bunova, Ol'ga V. Zamahina, Nikolaj A. Nikolaev, Nina I.Zhernakova, Andrey A.Grishchenko
    J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2020; 11(4): 105-109
    » Abstract » doi: 10.31838/jcdr.2020.11.04.18

  • Most Cited Articles