E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup.

Abstract
fluid (GCF) after applying fixed orthodontic appliances.Assessment of changing levels of nickel
and chromium was attempted with their clinical correlation.
Materials and Methods: Total twenty patients were selected for the study in which 8 were
females and 12 were males. Gingival crevicular fluid collection was attempted at four prefixed
sites in all participants. Firstly, gingival crevicular fluid collection was attempted before applying
fixed orthodontic appliances. Samples were analyzed as per their collection groups i.e., group
two (3 months), group three (5 months), group four (7 months). Standardized Perio Paper was
inserted at designated sites for one minute to absorb adequate fluid. All strips were analyzed for
levels of nickel and chromiumby spectrophotometer. Mean of all four strips per patient per visit
was taken as final and sent for further analysis.
Statistical Analysis & Results: Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for
Social Sciences (SPSS). P value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results
clearly show that there was an increasing pattern of nickel and chromium in GCF at consecutive
visits. For group I,mean value for Nickel was 2.83 while for Chromium it was1.92. For group II;
mean value for Nickel was 9.23 and 6.39 for Chromium in GCF. For group III; mean value for
Nickel was 11.80 and 8.62 for Chromium in GCF. Measured p value was significant. For group
IV; mean value for Nickel was 12.12 and 10.18 for Chromium in GCF. Measured p value was
highly significant.

Key words: Orthodontic Appliances, Gingival Crevicular Fluid, Chromium, Nickel


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(4): 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72


Web Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=99276 [Access: July 26, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(4): 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited July 26, 2021]; 12(4): 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



Harvard Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup (2021) A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (4), 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



Turabian Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. 2021. A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (4), 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



Chicago Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. "A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup. "A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.4 (2021), 647-653. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

RuchiSaini, MirYasser Abdullah, GunjanSinghal,Nitin Sharma, AnandLukose, AkhilAjay Kurup (2021) A Retrospective Assessment of Alterations in Gingival CrevicularFluid (GCF) after applying Fixed Orthodontic Appliances: An Original Research Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (4), 647-653. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.04.72





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