ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Progressive Study of Various Risk Factors for Type-2 Diabetes in a General Population

    Arun Nagtilak, Krishana Gopal, Divya Shukla
    JCDR. 2022: 1089-1096


    The current study have undertaken to explore the effect of various factors likenon vegetarian diet, alcohol consumption, smoking and lack of physical activities which will going to have an increased risk of insulin resistance. Material and Method: A population-based study carried out from June 2020 to June 2021 at SVBP Hospital, LLRM Medical College Meerut, U.P. India. Subharti Medical Collage Meerut, Comparing 100 individuals, age group of 40 to 65 years, of which 50 study patients and 50 age sex matched control were studied. Anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters including fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin and HOMA- IR were analysed using ELISA.The results were calculated & interpreted. Results: Present study highlights that Maximum patients were Non- Vegetarian62%,56% wereAlcoholic,58% were smoker and 48% were fromupper middle& higher class following sedentary life style. It was also found thatBMI, BP, Fasting insulin and HOMA-IR value in these patients were significantly raised as compared to normal healthy control(p < 0.001). Conclusion: There is convincing evidence thatnon vegetarian diet, alcohol consumption, smoking and less physical activates are related to an increased risk of developinginsulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.Thus it is recommended for decreasing or delaying the detrimental effects of insulin resistance on body. These include lifestyle change and weight loss followed by diet modification.


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    Volume 13 Issue 7