E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar.

Abstract
Adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with poor oral health and low oral health literacy among expectant
mothers. However,little is known about the effectiveness of Oral Health Education(OHE) interventions particularly
developed for pregnant women.The aim of the systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of OHE on the
knowledge, attitude, and performance towards oral health among pregnant women and their oral health/hygiene
status. The electronic search was performed across: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE via OVID, Cochrane Central
Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed Central, Google Scholar, ClinicalTrials.gov, and ISRCTN. Randomized
controlled trials and quasi studies were included with Inclusion criteria of participants being pregnant, any trimester.
The education intervention was mostly compared with no intervention or a different mode of intervention. All the
included studies addressed at least one of the primary objectives and/or a combination of a primary and the secondary
objective. A total of 1977 papers were initially identified, of which 11 studies were included. The primary outcomes of
interest were knowledge (11/11), change in attitude (3/11), change in performance (9/11), and the secondary outcome
was oral health status/hygiene (6/11). Upon intervention, a significant improvement in knowledge (91%, 10/11),
attitude (100%, 3/3), performance (100%, 9/9), and oral health/hygiene status (100%, 6/6) was found across the studies.
Nevertheless, improvement was also observed with no intervention group across a few studies, but less than the
intervention group.However, owing to the design faults and limited use of health behaviour theories across included
studies only low confidence can be placed on the current evidence.

Key words: Education intervention, oral health education, pregnant women


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56


Web Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=113206 [Access: August 20, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited August 20, 2021]; 12(5): 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



Harvard Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar (2021) Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (5), 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



Turabian Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. 2021. Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



Chicago Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. "Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar. "Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.5 (2021), 410-421. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr Renu Rawat, Dr Gunjan Singh Aswal,Dr Dhara Dwivedi,Dr Nitin Prabhakar,Dr KR Vinod Kumar, Dr Ashwini Narayankar (2021) Effect of Oral Health Education (OHE) Interventions on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance towards Oral Health and Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 410-421. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.56





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