ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

Associate editors 


Dr Atul Viraj Wadagale (MSc, PhD) Assistant Professor(Statistics) Department of Community Medicine Vilasrao Deshmukh Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA. ORCID ID: 

William D. Wagner, Ph.D, FAHA Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division of Surgical Sciences Cardiac Pathology Wake Forest University Health Sciences Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA 

Li Zhang, MD Cardiologist, Associate Professor, Lankenau Institute for Medical Research President-Academic, Chinese American Heart Association (CNAHA) Wynnewood PA 19096, USA. 

Leng Jiang, MD, FACC, FAHA, FASE Professor of Medicine, Director of Noninvasive Cardiology Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine Founding President, Chinese American Heart Association (CNAHA) Springfield MA 01199, USA 

Junbo Ge, MD & Ph.D, FACC, FAHA Cardiologist, Professor of Medicine President of Chinese society of cardiovascular diseases Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences Director of Cardiology Department Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University Shanghai City Shan 

Jianming Li, MD & Ph.D, FHRS Director, Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, VA Med. Center Attending Cardiologist and Cardiac Electrophysiology Associate Director/Associate Professor, Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology Training Program, University of M 

Fusheng Gu, MD & Ph.D Professor, Cardiology, Internal Medicine Senior Adviser, Department of Cardiology Beijing Friendship Hospital Emeritus President, Beijing Society of Cardiology Emeritus Editor-in-Chief, Chinese Journal of Cardiology Beijing City Beij 

David J. Fulton, Ph.D Professor, Pharmacology and Toxicology Director, Vascular Biology Center Vascular Biology Center, Georgia Regents University Augusta GA 30912, USA 

Che-Ping Cheng, MD & Ph.D, FAHA Professor, Physiology and Pharmacology Section on Cardiology, Internal Medicine Wake Forest University School of Medicine Winston-Salem NC 27157, USA 

Chaoshu Tang, MD Emeritus Professor of Cardiology 973 National Project Chief Scientist Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology Peking University Health Science Center Beijing City Beijing 100034, China 

k Conti, MD, MACC, FESC, FAHA Palm Beach Heart Association Eminent Scholar (Cardiology) Professor Emeritus of Medicine Adjunct Professor of Physiology Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine College of Medicine, University of Florida E 

Beijing 100015, China Rajesh Rajan, MD, Ph.D, FRCP (Edin), FRCP (Ire), FRCP (Glasg), FACC, FESC, FAHA President - Association of MD Physicians (AMD) Chairman - Board of Governors Indian Association of Clinical Cardiologists (IACC) Cardiologist - Sabah  

Zhou Peng, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research (JCDR) Winston-Salem NC 27103, USA Chair, Internal Medicine Oasis International Hospital Beijing Beijing 100015, China 

Zhigan Liu, MD & Ph.D Cardiac Physician, Division of Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology University of Michigan Hospital and Health System Ann Arbor MI 48109, USA 

Zhi Zhang, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist, Cardiovascular Department Shanghai First People’s Hospital Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai City Shanghai 200080, China 

Yutao Xi, MD & Ph.D Research Scientist Texas Heart Institute Houston TX 77030, USA 

Yixi Liu, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Cardiology Wake Forest University Health Science Winston-Salem NC 27103, USA 

Yaohong Wang, MD & Ph.D Department of Pathology University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis TN 38163, USA 

Yanhui Li, MD Cardiologist & Cardiac Electrophysiologist, Department of Cardiology School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing City, Beijing, 100084, P.R. of China 

Yajing Wang, MD & Ph.D Associate Professor, Cardiovascular Research Lab Department of Emergency Medicine Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia PA 19107, USA 

Xingde Wang, MD Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology Sixth People’s Hospital Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai City Shanghai 201306, China 

Xiaowei Zhang, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology The First People’s Hospital of Nantong Section on Cardiovascular Medicine Nantong Jiangshu 226002, China 

Wei Zhou, Ph.D, FAHA Department of Anesthesiology David Geffen School of Medicine University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA 

Tao Shen, MD & Ph.D Associate Professor The MOH Key Laboratory of Geriatrics Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology Beijing City Beijing 100730, China 

Muyesai Nijiati, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region People's Hospital Urumqi Xinjiang 830001, China 

Liqun Zhao, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology Shanghai First People’s Hospital Shanghai JiaoTong University Shanghai City Shanghai 200080, China 

Huiliang Zhang, Ph.D. Acting Instructor, Department of Pathology University of Washington, Seattle, WA WA98195, USA. 

Hongran Wang, MD & Ph.D Assistant Professor, Dell Pediatric Research Institute Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin 1400 Barbara Jordan Blvd, Austin TX 78723, USA 

Hongchao Wei, MD & Ph.D Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery The Civil Aviation General Hospital Peking University Beijing City Beijing 100123, China 

Gerald Chi, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Harvard Medical School Boston MA 02215, USA 

Deepak Kumar Mishra, MD & DM Consultant Cardiologist, Bombay Hospital & medical Research Centre Mumbai400 020, India 

Debmalya Barh, Ph.D Research Scientist, Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology (IIOAB) Nonakuri, Purba Medinipur West Bengal-721172, India 

Dao W. Wang, MD & Ph.D Professor of Medicine, Department of Cardiology The First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University Nanjing Jiangshu210029, China 

Dandan Chen, MD & Ph.D Fellow, Division of Cardiology Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta GA 30032, USA 

Cheng Wang, Ph.D Director, Information Resources Center School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai City Shanghai 200025, China 

Chen Zhe, MD & Ph.D Endocrinologist, Department of Endocrinology Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Capital Medical University Beijing City Beijing 100020, China 

Bishwanath Chatterjee, Ph.D Staff Scientist, Molecular Pathology Laboratory National Cancer Institute Bethesda MD 20892, USA 

Arnab Ghosh, Ph.D Assistant Professor, Biomedical Research Laboratory, Department of Anthropology VisvaBharati University Santiniketan 731 235, India 

Aijuan Qu, MD & Ph.D Research Scientist, Laboratory of Metabolism National Institutes of Health Bethesda Maryland 20892, USA 

Editorial Board Member (In Alphabetical Order) Alok Kumar Singh, MD & DM Interventional Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology Heritage Hospital Lanka Varanasi 221005, India 

Mechanical Circulatory Support Section Editor Ning Jiang, MD Cardiologist,Cardiology Division Brown University 121 Hampton Rd, Sheron MA 02067, USA 

Xinge Hu, MD & Ph.D, FACC Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology The Permanente Medical Group Fremont CA 94538, USA ________________________________________ 

Cardiac Dysfunction and Heart Failure Section Editor Zi-Jian Xu, MD & Ph.D, FACC Medical Director of Adult In-patient Heart Failure Service Medical Director of Non-invasive Cardiac Diagnostics Sutter Medical Center Practice Care Center Lead Sutter Medical 

Clinical Transformation Section Editor Xiaoyan Huang, MD, MHCM, FACC Medical Director of Clinical Transformation, Chair of Finance and Business Development Committee, Providence Heart Institute Medical Staff President and Cardiology Medical Director, Prov 

Kan Liu, MD & Ph,D, FACC, FASE Cardiologist, Associate Professor of Cardiology Director of Echocardiography, University of Iowa Iowa City IA 52242, USA 

Noninvasive Cardiology Section Editor Jing-Sheng Zheng, MD & Ph.D, FACC, FASE Cardiologist, Medical Director, Noninvasive Cardiology The Heart Institute atAtlantiCare Regional Medical Center Pomona NJ 08205, USA 

Balakumar P, M.Pharm, Ph.D Associate Professor Department of Pharmacology Faculty of Pharmacy AIMST University Semeling, 08100 Bedong Kedah Darul Aman Malaysia 

________________________________________ Cardiovascular Pharmacology Section Editor Lei Gao, MD & Ph.D, FACC Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology Franciscan Heart & Vascular Associates Burien WA 98166, USA ________________________________________ 

Xinqiang Han, MD & Ph.D, FACC Cardiologist Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology & Arrhythmias, Reid Health, IN Cardiovascular Division, Reid Health Richmond Indiana 47374, USA 

Electrophysiology Section Editor Huagui Li, MD & Ph.D, FACC Cardiac Electrophysiologist Director of cardiac arrhythmia services University of Minnesota Physicians – Heart Care Edina MN 55435, USA ________________________________________ 

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Section Editor Xuming Dai MD & Ph.D, FACC, FSCAI Interventional Cardiologist, New York Presbyterian Medical Group Queens Hospital New York City NY11355, USA Assistant Professor of Medicine University of North Carolina at 

Jiafu Ou, MD Cardiologist, Director of Non-invasive Cardiology, St. Louis VA Medical Center Assistant Professor of Medicine/Cardiology Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis St. Louis MO 63110, USA ________________________________________ 

Ruihai Zhou, MD, FACC, RPVI Cardiologist, Assistant professor, Department of Cardiology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill NC 27156, USA 

Associate Editor-in-Chief Zhenquan Jia, Ph.D Associate Professor, Department of Biology, College of Arts & Sciences The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Greensboro NC 27412, USA 

Executive Editor-in-Chief Hongqiang Cheng, Ph.D Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology School of Medicine, Zhejiang University Hangzhou Zhejiang 310058, China, 

Co Editor-in-Chief Yujie Zhu, MD & Ph.D Department of Medicine/Cardiology University of Alabama at Birmingham 1670 University Blvd Birmingham AL 35294, USA 

Peng Zhou, MD & Ph.D Cardiologist Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research (JCDR) Winston-Salem NC 27103, USA Chair, Internal Medicine Oasis International Hospital Beijing City Beijing 100015, China