E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Research Article 


Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly.

Abstract
Background:Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) has been shown to be effective treatment for many conditions
as wound healing and pain relief. It is safe and non-invasive therapyandcould be employed as a complementary
therapy in the treatment of peripheral arterial disorder (PAD).
Purpose. To investigatethe effect of PEMFon endothelial function of the lower extremity PAD in patient with Type
2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).
Methods. Randomized controlled trial.30 male patients ofT2DMWith age ranged from 50-60 years old, with lower
extremity PADand intermittent claudicationwere recruited randomly according to power analysis test and divided
into two equal groups;Group (A)received PEMFtherapy at a frequency of 10 Hz, the treatment was administered
for 20 min per session, 3 times per week for a period of 2 monthswith conventialphysical therapyGroup (B)
received High Intensity Interval training (HIIT) in the form of bicycle ergometer exercise for lower limb 3 times per
week for 2 months withconventialphysical therapy. Pre- and post-treatment assessment using Numerical Pain Rating
Scale (NPRS), ankle brachial index (ABI) and flow mediated dilatation percentage (FMD %) were done for all
patients.
Results.Within groups the analysis using 2x2 mixed design MANOVAshowed a statistically significant
improvementfor all measured variables (NPRS, ABI and FMD%)in both group (p<0.0001).Between groups, the
analysis revealedthere was no significant difference of the mean values ofthe NPRS"posttest” between both groups
with(p=0.857),there was significant difference of the mean values of ABI“posttest” between both groups with
(p=0.038) and this significant increase in favor to group A, and there was clinical difference and high percent of
improvement inFMD%in favor to group B.
Conclusion. PEMFtherapy has a significant effect on reducing pain and improving endothelial function in diabetic
patients with PAD.

Key words: Peripheral arterial disorder, pulsed electromagnetic field, endothelial function, ankle brachial index, flow mediated dilatation.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60


Web Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. http://www.jcdronline.org/?mno=113605 [Access: August 21, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. 2021; 12(5): 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.. (2021), [cited August 21, 2021]; 12(5): 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



Harvard Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly (2021) Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. J Cardiovasc. Dis. Res., 12 (5), 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



Turabian Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. 2021. Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



Chicago Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. "Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly. "Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.5 (2021), 439-447. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

MarwaYehia Almansi, Wadida H. Elsayed, SoherShehataRezk Allah, HamdySoliman Elliwa, Abeer Ahmed Farghaly (2021) Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field on Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disorder in Type 2 Diabetic Patient: A Randomized Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (5), 439-447. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.05.60





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