E-ISSN 0976-2833 | ISSN 0975-3583
 

Original Research 


Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases

Tengiz Verulava, Revaz Jorbenadze, Ghonghadze Ana.

Abstract
Background: Cardiac surgery has been linked to high rates of preoperative anxiety. The goal of this study was to evaluate preoperative anxiety and its predisposing factors in a group of patients with congenital heart diseases. Methods: As part of the Quantitative Cross-Sectional Study, a survey was conducted using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Meaning-of-Life Orientations (MLO) test by Leontiev. The study was conducted at Chapidze Emergency Cardiology Center (Tbilisi, Georgia). Results: Medium level of anxiety was 50.06±11.30. Mean value of anxiety was higher in women (52.2±11,06) than in men (48.12±10,09). Significant difference wasn’t found between anxiety level and other demographic and clinical variables (age, weight, lifestyle, presence of hypertension and diabetes). Significantly higher difference (p=0,016) was found in patients with previous cardiac surgery (26,36±30,23) and tobacco users (20,34±24,64; p=0,032). According to the MLO test results, the general rate of the Life orientation was significantly lower (M=88.7) and all indicators: "Meaning of Life" (M=23), "Life process" (M=24); “Life efficiency” (M=20); „Control locus - me“ (M=15); „Control locus - life“ (M=25). Conclusion: During the surgery anticipation period the patients have low consideration of own lives, low personal self-esteem and different levels of anxiety, indicating that qualified psychological and psychotherapeutic support is essential to decrease emotional tension, improve post-surgical results. The approach towards the patients should have a holistic character, when both physical and mental conditions of the patients are given equal importance.

Key words: Cardiac surgery, Anxiety, Stress, Preoperative anxiety


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Tengiz Verulava
Articles by Revaz Jorbenadze
Articles by Ghonghadze Ana
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. . 2021; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19


Web Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. http://www.jcdronline.org//?mno=50132 [Access: April 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. . 2021; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Verulava T, Jorbenadze R, Ana G. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. . (2021), [cited April 30, 2021]; 12(1): 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Harvard Style

Verulava, T., Jorbenadze, . R. & Ana, . G. (2021) Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. , 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Turabian Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. 2021. Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



Chicago Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. "Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12 (2021), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Verulava, Tengiz, Revaz Jorbenadze, and Ghonghadze Ana. "Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases." Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research 12.1 (2021), 105-109. Print. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Verulava, T., Jorbenadze, . R. & Ana, . G. (2021) Pre-operative anxiety in patients with congenital heart diseases. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 12 (1), 105-109. doi:10.31838/jcdr.2021.12.01.19