ISSN 0975-3583
 

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research



    Evaluation of Asymptomatic Ischaemic Heart Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients by Exercise Treadmill Test and Correlation with Various Risk Factors of Coronary Vascular Disease


    Harpreet Kaur, Ravinder Garg, Shaminder Kaur, Jasmeen Chahal, Manjinder Kaur
    JCDR. 2022: 3163-3171

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 5

    Keywords

    ASSESSING THE LEVELS OF SERUM CYSTATIN-C AS A PROGNOSTIC AND DIAGNOSTIC MARKER IN CRITICALLY ILL SUBJECTS HAVING ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY


    Prof. Dr Annasaheb J Dhumale,Dr Manju Rajain,Dr Sudhakar,Dr. Md Rashid Taj
    JCDR. 2022: 464-472

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    Immunohistochemical Evaluation of Antigenic Expression of CD34 in Benign and Malignant Breast Lesions


    Japneet Tiwana,Navneet Kaur,Monica,Kanwardeep Kaur,Amrinder Kaur,Abhinandan Arora
    JCDR. 2022: 3205-3217

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 5

    Keywords

    Assessment of patients with cervical lymphadenitis: An observational study


    Dr. Mahendra Kumar Bharti,Dr. Manish Kumar Sachan
    JCDR. 2022: 473-476

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    A study of the functional outcome of subtrochanteric fracture of Femur treated with Proximal Femoral Nail


    Dr. Sunil Kumar P.C,Dr. Manjunath. M,Dr. Anand. S.R,Dr. Namratha
    JCDR. 2022: 484-492

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    Comparative Study of Prophylactic and Therapeutic Role of Phenobarbitone in the Hyperbilirubinemia in V.L.B.W Babies with birth weight 1000-1499 grams and their outcome


    Zahid Hussain,UPS Kainth,Krishna Thakrani
    JCDR. 2022: 493-497

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    DEVELOPMENT OF SCI RAT MODEL USING IMAPCT DEVICE AND ASSESSMENT OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR


    Supriti Palodhi Chatterjee,Dr. Shrikant Sharma
    JCDR. 2021: 3375-3384

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 3

    Keywords

    A cross sectional study to know the prevalence of skin cancers and their distribution in a tertiary care centre of central India.


    Dr. Saurabh Dubey,Dr. Sushil Yadav,Dr. Farah Khan,Dr. Ransingh Tanwar
    JCDR. 2021: 2286-2292

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 4

    Keywords

    A study to correlate the cytological features with histopathological study of all surgically removed thyroid lesi


    Dr. Rashmi Kunder
    JCDR. 2021: 688-694

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 1

    Keywords

    A Study of effectiveness of online classroom learning vs online live consultation-based learning in the department of dermatology: A Likert scale and MCQs based google form study


    Dr.Laxminarayana Bhat
    JCDR. 2021: 695-697

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 1

    Keywords

    Assessment of Neck Circumference and Inter Incisor Gap Ratio as A Predictor of Difficult Laryngoscopy in Limited Cervical Extension Patients: An Observational Study


    Dr.Kaluvala Prasad Rao,Dr.SingamGeetha,Dr. Krishna Rao Maremanda,Dr.N.V.S.S. K Prashanth,Dr.PadmajaDurga,
    JCDR. 2022: 458-475

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    A COMPARITIVE STUDY OF INTRA OPERATIVE FENTANYL REQUIREMENT BETWEEN SPI AND HEMODYNAMIC GUIDANCE IN MASTECTOMIES


    Dr.Kaluvala Prasad Rao,Dr.SingamGeetha,Dr. Krishna Rao Maremanda,Dr.Thandu Priyanka,Dr.PadmajaDurga,
    JCDR. 2022: 476-490

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    A STUDY OF COAGULATION PROFILE AS PROGNOSTIC MARKER IN PATIENTS ADMITTED FOR SNAKE ENVENOMATION IN THE TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF MANDYA


    Chandregowda,Anagha Unnikrishnan,Surya K S
    JCDR. 2022: 491-507

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    “A STUDY ON CLINICAL PHENOTYPES OF ASTHMA IN ASTHMA PATIENTS ATTENDING TO A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”


    Dr. Madhu Sudhan. Y,Dr. Sujith H,Dr. Aniruddha Udupa
    JCDR. 2022: 508-518

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Clinical Profile and Correlation of B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Level with Clinical Outcome in Patients of Acute Left Ventricular Failure-A Six Month Follow up Study at Tertiary Care Centre


    Waleem Ahmad,Adil Ahmad Khan,Asif Hasan,Naba Hasan,Mohd Mustafa
    JCDR. 2022: 589-598

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    Unusual sites of pseudocyst; Adrenal


    Dr Munesh Meena,Dr Shreya Jaiswal,Dr Anmol Chaudhary,Dr Kalpana
    JCDR. 2022: 519-522

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    “A STUDY TO ASSESS THE RELIABILITY OF INTRACEREBRAL HAEMORRHAGESCORE (ICH SCORE) FOR PREDICTING THE MORTALITY RATE IN ACUTE INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE PATIENTS”


    Dr. Vinay J , Dr. Karthik N , Dr. Kirana Kumar B N , *Dr. Basawantrao
    JCDR. 2022: 523-532

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Foundation Course – A study on students’ perspective about the importance and applicability of the skills taught


    Dr. Hemlata Chourasia,Dr. Shilpa Waghmare
    JCDR. 2021: 2462-2466

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 5

    Keywords

    To study the growth retardation in relation to age, pretransfusion haemoglobin level, serum ferritin level in pediatrics patients.


    Dr. RashmiEkka Dehariya, Dr. Neha Jaiswal
    JCDR. 2021: 3385-3388

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 3

    Keywords

    Effect of Addition of Buprenorphine and Buprenorphine with Verapamil to Local Anaesthetic in Brachial Plexus Block


    Dr. Ashish J. Bhattad, Dr. Tilka V. Ghate, Dr. Tushar S. Patil
    JCDR. 2022: 3318-3327

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 5

    Keywords

    A study of fungal infections in diabetic patients in relation to glycemic status: A prospective study


    Dr. Preeti Nigotia, Dr. Miskila Subha, Dr. Shikha Jain, Dr. Shammi Kumar Jain, Dr. A Kansal, Dr. A Garg
    JCDR. 2022: 3328-3334

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 5

    Keywords

    Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy: an emerging atypical and rare encephalopathy


    . Dr. Swati Shikha,Dr. ArshadAyub,Dr. PallaviLohani,4. Dr. Abhishek Kumar,
    JCDR. 2022: 557-559

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    To evaluate the efficacy of thrombolytic treatment with IV streptokinase in individuals with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction


    Dr. Neeraj Chaturvedi,Dr. Ashish Kumar Agarwal,Dr. Shilpa Jalan
    JCDR. 2022: 560-565

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Assessment of long-term survival of dental implants in patients with cardiovascular disease


    Dr. Manish Kumar,Dr. Simranjeet Kaur,Dr. Varun Baslas,Dr. Nagma Raj
    JCDR. 2022: 566-570

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Assessment of clinico- cytopathologic study of pericardial effusion


    Dr. Deepali Gupta,Dr. Hemant Kumar,Dr. Deepak Mittal
    JCDR. 2022: 571-575

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Assessment of link between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease


    Dr.Simranjeet Kaur,Dr. Manish Kumar,Dr.Nagma Raj
    JCDR. 2022: 599-603

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 6

    Keywords

    DILEMMA OF UNDIAGNOSED PLEURAL EFFUSION UNRAVELED THROUGH THORACOSCOPY: A SINGLE CENTRE EXPERIENCE FROM NORTH INDIA


    Dr. Shumail Bashir, Dr Syed Mehvish, Dr. Faisal R Guru, Dr. Naveed Nazir Shah, Dr Haider Guru, Dr Jibran Bashir, Dr Khurshid Ahmad Dar
    JCDR. 2022: 682-689

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    To Study The Ocular Profile After Traumatic Cataract Occurring After Various Type Of Injury And Analyze The Postoperative Outcome Of Patient


    Dr. Uma Thakur,Dr. Hemlata Chourasia,Dr. Parvez Siddique,Dr. Mamta Gurawa, Dr. Priyanka Gupta
    JCDR. 2021: 1861-1866

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 6

    Keywords

    RISK OF TRANSMISSION OF COVID- 19 TO NEWBORNS IN COVID-19 POSITIVE MOTHERS – A CASE SERIES


    Dr. Gyanesh Mishra,Dr. Rinu Dwivedi,Dr. Atindra jain
    JCDR. 2022: 716-724

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    COMPARISON OF PROTAMINE SULPHATE DOSE BY EXISTING FIXED DOSE METHOD AND CALCULATED DOSE METHOD ACCORDING TO ACTIVATED CLOTTING TIME OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING VALVULAR HEART SURGERIES


    Shruti Dubey , Ninjabrao Evane , Akhilesh Yona, Dilpreet Kaur , R.P. Kaushal , Aditya Agarwal
    JCDR. 2022: 3349-3358

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 5

    Keywords

    Validation and Comparison of Risk Scoring Systems in Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding


    Sukanya Bhrugumalla,Bhushan Chopade , Sumaswi Angadi , Ravichandra Nuggahalli , Chaudhary Vineet
    JCDR. 2022: 725-735

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Utility of SOFA Score to Predict Outcome in Critically Ill Patients in Intensive Care Unit


    Archana Agarwal , Virendra Singh , Sudhanshu Sant
    JCDR. 2022: 736-742

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    TRAMADOL-PARACETAMOL COMBINATION FOR POSTOPERATIVE PAIN RELIEF IN ELECTIVE SINGLE LEVEL MICRODISCECTOMY SURGERY


    Dr Ajaz Ahmad Wani, Dr.TauqeerAnjum Mir
    JCDR. 2022: 763-767

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    STUDY OF POST OPERATIVE ANALGESIC EFFICACY OF INTRATHECAL FENTANYL COMPARED TO NALBUPHINE WITH BUPIVACAINE IN SPINAL ANAESTHESIA FOR LOWER LIMB SURGERIES


    Dr. Mandeep Goma, Dr. Harmeet Singh, Dr. Manoj Joshi, Dr. Parveen Sharma
    JCDR. 2022: 768-773

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    TITLE: PERCENTAGE OF AMYLASE, LIPASE POSITIVITY WITH INCREASING SUGAR LEVELS IN DIABETES MELITUS PATIENTS


    Pooja sounr , shubham upadhyay , Ashvin Chouhan, Rajesh Verma
    JCDR. 2022: 774-785

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    To Study The Elevated Resting Heart Rate (RHR) Represents A Separate Risk Factor For Mortality Or Only A Sign Of Physical Fitness


    Dr. Shashank Shekhar Sinha
    JCDR. 2022: 826-832

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    COMPARISON OF CURB-65 SCORES IN NON-DIABETIC AND DIABETIC SUBJECTS HOSPITALIZED FOR COVID-19 INFECTION


    Dr. Sagar S Biradar,Dr. Sachin Patil, Dr. Santosh Kumar, Dr. Veeresh Salagar
    JCDR. 2022: 863-870

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Arterio-Venous Fistulas As A Life Line In Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Study In A Tertiary Health Care Centre


    Dr. Sarvesh Sharma, Dr. Jitendra Acharya
    JCDR. 2022: 871-876

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF TWO DIFFERENT DOSES OF IM EPHEDRINE FOR REDUCING POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING FOLLOWING LAPAROSCOPIC TUBECTOMIES: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRAIL


    Dr. Anand G Valu, Dr. M. Sarath Chandra, Dr. Rajashree Paul, Dr. Mamtaz A
    JCDR. 2022: 1259-1275

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 4

    Keywords

    A Study On Pervasiveness And Knowledge Of Anemia Of Adolescent Girls


    Mohd Nadeem, Balwinder Kaur, Sachin Agarwal
    JCDR. 2022: 877-881

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    A Descriptive Study On Musculoskeletal Health Problems Among Nursing Staff


    Atul Kumar Pandey, Javed Ali
    JCDR. 2022: 882-886

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Comparison Of The Efficacy Of Short-Term Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis With Long-Term SSI Preventative Antibiotic Administration


    Atul Kumar Pandey, Javed Ali
    JCDR. 2022: 887-891

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Comparison Of Oxidative Stress Level In Diabetes Mellitus As Compare To Normal Individual


    Mohd Nadeem, Balwinder Kaur, Sachin Agarwal
    JCDR. 2022: 892-897

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    To Investigate The Importance Of The CBC, Derived Parameters, And Morphology Of Peripheral Blood Cells In Covid-19 Patients


    Dr. Priyankar Sharma, Dr. Sanjay Kumar
    JCDR. 2022: 898-905

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    Evaluation Of Cases Of Nasal Septal Deviations


    Tehmena Malik*, Aditya Saraf, Shivane, Padam Singh Jamwal
    JCDR. 2022: 906-910

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 7

    Keywords

    EVALUATING RISK FACTORS OF PREMATURE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASES IN SOUTH INDIAN PATIENTS


    Dr Anjeney Mishra, Dr Rupesh Srivastava, Dr Saudamini Omprakash sikchi, Dr. Rishi kant Aharwal, Dr puspraj Patel, Dr Suresh Patel
    JCDR. 2022: 01-10

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 8

    Keywords

    Study Of Lipids And Lipoprotein Levels In Uncomplicated Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Shadan Hospital


    Dr. Samatha Tulla, Mohammed. Dr. Siddique Ahmed Khan, Syeda Ayesha Siddiqua
    JCDR. 2022: 26-31

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 8

    Keywords

    Role of colposcopy and Pap smear in cervical carcinoma screening


    Dr. Sharadha Adarsh
    JCDR. 2013: 272-276

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 4 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Vitamin D Level Among Patients With Non-Specific Musculoskeletal Pain


    Dr. Adarsh Sundar
    JCDR. 2013: 277-280

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 4 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Functional Outcome In Surgical Management Of Bi- Malleolar Fractures In Adults


    Dr. Adarsh Sundar
    JCDR. 2013: 281-287

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 4 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Ultrasonographic Evaluation Of Breast Masses With Histopathologic Concordance


    Dr. Manish Shetty B
    JCDR. 2020: 734-739

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 11 Issue 4

    Keywords

    To Assess Clinical Profile Of Oral Glucose Tolerance In Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patient


    Dr Ravindran V
    JCDR. 2020: 745-750

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 11 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Spectrum Of Pulmonary Disease Affecting The Persons Admitted To Respiratory Intensive Care Unit


    Dr. Ravindran V
    JCDR. 2020: 740-744

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 11 Issue 4

    Keywords

    A Comparative Study Of Lichtenstein Tension Free Mesh Repair Vs Transinguinal Pre-Peritoneal Mesh Repair For Inguinal Hernias


    Dr. Hosni Mubarak Khan
    JCDR. 2021: 2297-2301

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Ultrasound Guided FNA And Biopsy In Suspected Lung Cancer


    Dr. Manish Shetty B
    JCDR. 2020: 751-755

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 11 Issue 4

    Keywords

    Comparative Study Of Efficacy Of Treatment Of Varicose Veins With Saphenofemoral Ligation And Foam Sclerotherapy Compared To Saphenofemoral Ligation And Stripping


    Dr. Hosni Mubarak Khan
    JCDR. 2021: 2477-2482

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 12 Issue 5

    Keywords

    Role Of Vitamin D In Preeclampsia


    Dr. Sharadha Adarsh
    JCDR. 2013: 288-292

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 4 Issue 4

    Keywords

    A Hospital Based Observational Evaluation Of Evaluate ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Of Inferior Wall And Right Ventricle In Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis Due To Thrombus At Right Coronary Sinus


    Dr. Dipankar Ghosh Dastidar, Dr. Ramdhan Kumar Kamat,Dr. koushik Mondal
    JCDR. 2022: 588-600

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 8

    Keywords

    To evaluate knowledge and approach of mothers towards a child with diarrhea, focusing on oral rehydration therapy


    Dr. V Thrishi Sagna, Dr. Earenti Maheshwar, Dr. T.S. Prabhakara Rao, Dr. Kuramana Varakishan
    JCDR. 2023: 397-401

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 1

    Keywords

    Neonatal deaths in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit: A retrospective descriptive audit


    S James Daniel , Naveen Jain
    JCDR. 2023: 402-405

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 1

    Keywords

    Functional outcome of distal tibia fracture treated by intramedullary nailing


    Dr. Jasmin Bhalodiya, Dr. Jayesh Vaza, Dr. Pathik Vala, Dr. Raghav Suthar, Dr. Vijay Patel, Dr. Parth Macwan, Dr. Harshil Shah, Dr. Chintan Dave
    JCDR. 2023: 406-412

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 1

    Keywords

    Cutaneous menifestations of PPE during COVID-19 Pandemic Among Healthcare Professionals


    Dr. Santosh Kumar, Dr. Vijay Mishra, Dr. Gourav Jain Dr. Sweta S. Kumar, Dr Sarang Sharma, Dr Atul Kumar Singh
    JCDR. 2023: 3004-3010

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 1

    Keywords

    A prospective case control study of coagulation profile in preeclampsia, eclampsia patients and normotensive antenatal cases


    Sumathi Pulivarthi, Vrunda Joshi, Preeti Sharma
    JCDR. 2023: 3118-3122

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 1

    Keywords

    Outcomes in Early Vs Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis - an Observational Study


    Ajay Sivakumar, Praveen G Sekaran, Vimal Kumar Govindan
    JCDR. 2023: 799-804

    Abstract

    The study aims to evaluate and compare the clinical outcomes of early and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis. Material and Methods: Thirty patients, with acute cholecystitis, who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy were studied. The patients were deemed to have undergone early laparoscopic cholecystectomy if they had their surgery within 72 hours of the initial presentation of the symptoms. All those patients, who underwent the surgery after 4 weeks, were considered to be in the delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy group. Results: The early and delayed groups had 19 and 11 patients respectively. The overall occurrence of intraoperative complications was found to be similar in both groups. It was 84.2% in the early laparoscopic cholecystectomy group, and in comparison, it was 90.9% in the delayed group. Major bleeding in the early group was 21.1% and that of the delayed group was 18.2%. The bile and gallstone spillage, in our study, among the early and delayed groups were 47.4% and 72.7% respectively. In our study, the drain requirement in the delayed group was 63.6%, while it was 52.6%, in the early group. The duration of surgery on average was 140.5 minutes in the early group when compared to 95.5 minutes in the delayed group. Conclusion: There were no statistically significant differences in the outcomes of early and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis regarding complications. Duration of surgery was more and length of hospital stay less in early group

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 2

    Keywords

    Current of polycystic ovary syndrome in women in al-muthanna Governorate (Article Review)


    Hiba Sattar Jabbar
    JCDR. 2022: 3249-3252

    Abstract

    Poly-cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a Symptom of an imbalance of hormones that can affect reproductive-age women and girls (1, 2) this condition is defined and diagnosed by the presence of androgen excess, ovarian dysfunction, and polycystic ovarian morphology on ultrasound(3).

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 8

    Keywords

    Renal Function in Chronic Liver Disease


    Saleha Shaheen, Shahnawaz Hasan, Saba Khan, Roshan Alam
    JCDR. 2022: 3295-3300

    Abstract

    It has been observed that the changes in the systemic arterial circulation, portal hypertension, commencement of vasoconstrictors and inhibition of vasodilatory factors acting on the renal circulation were the factors which led to development of renal impairment in CLD and cirrhosis. Material and Methods: This study was done in Department of Biochemistry in Prasad Institute of Medical sciences, Banthra, Lucknow, U.P. Total 43 cases were included in this study. The duration of study was over a period of two year. Results: Out of the 43 patients of cirrhosis, the cause of liver disease was attributed to alcoholism in 21 patients. 6 patients were found to be positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen. Out of the 43 patients, renal function was assessed by serum creatinine, creatinine clearance from timed urine collection [(UxV)/P] and creatinine clearance by Cockcroft Gault formula (CGF). Conclusion: It can be concluded that estimation of Serum creatinine alone has not been found to be a reliable marker to assess renal dysfunction in CLD.

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 8

    Keywords

    Effect of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programme on BODE Index in Comparison to Pharmacological Therapy alone


    Dr. Nidhi Dahiya, Dr. Kapil AM Chilana, Dr. Abinav Dagar
    JCDR. 2023: 444-449

    Abstract

    Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a key component for treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The risk of morbidity/mortality in patients with COPD is often graded with the use of a single physiological variable, the forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1). The BODE index, a simple multidimensional grading system is a better tool than FEV1 alone to evaluate the patients with COPD. Presumably, a higher BODE score correlates with an increased risk of death.4 Objective: The objective was to assess the effect of PR on BODE index and compare it with the change in BODE index of patients on conventional pharmacological therapy alone. Methodology: In this prospective study, 60 confirmed cases of COPD were divided in two groups of 30 patients each and both groups were put on adequate pharmacological treatment as per GOLD guidelines. Patients of study group were enrolled in PR program in addition to the pharmacological treatment. BODE index was calculated for both the groups at diagnosis, after 7 days and after 6 weeks. Results: In both groups, significant improvement was observed in the BODE index from the time of diagnosis till first week and time of diagnosis till the sixth week. However, improvement in BODE index from first week till the sixth week was statistically significant only in study group. Conclusion: PR shows significant improvement in BODE index over longer duration than pharmacological treatment alone, hence potentially reduces the risk of death in COPD

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 4

    Keywords

    “STUDY OF VARIOUS OSTIOMEATAL COMPLEX ABNORMALITIES BY ENDOSCOPY AND CT SCAN AND ITS MANAGEMENT”


    Dr. Jakkala. Suresh babu
    JCDR. 2017: 157-166

    Abstract

    The two cardinal factors in the maintenance of normal physiology of the paranasal sinuses and their mucous membranes are drainage and ventilation. Normal drainage of the paranasal sinuses depends on effective mucociliary clearance; this is dependant, among other things, on the condition of the sinus ostia.1 OBJECTIVES: To study the various sinonasal anatomical variations in the study population. MATERIAL & METHODS: Study Design: Prospective Hospital based observational study. Study area: Department of E.N.T, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. Study Period: August 2016 to July 2017. Study population: All the patients attending the E.N.T. outpatient department, who had chronic sinusitis for more three months duration not responding to the medical line of treatment and who were willing to undergo Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Sample size: study consisted a total of 50 cases. Sampling method: Simple random method. Results: The uncinate was typical in 29 (58%), medialized in 22 (44%), anteriorly turned in 1 (2%), hypertrophied in 6 (12%) and pneumatized in 2 (4%). The superior attachment of the uncinate process was as follows: middle turbinate in 21 (42%), lamina papyracea in 18 (36%) and skull base in 11 (22 %). Ethmoidal bulla: The bulla was typical in31 (62 %), large in 11 (22%) and hypoplastic in 8 (16 %). CONCLUSION: In view of the presence of these significant variations, we reemphasize the need for proper preoperative assessment in every patient in order to accomplish a safe and effective endoscopic sinus surgery.

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 8 Issue 3

    Keywords

    Clinical Profile of Patients with Heart Failure at Tertiary Care Hospital


    Mangena Deepak Phanindra, Karem Ravi Teja
    JCDR. 2023: 1223-1228

    Abstract

    Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem affecting about 64.3 million persons globally, with an epidemiology that varies widely within and between countries. The prevalence of HF is increasing in many countries due to aging societies, increased prevalence of risk factors, and better survival from other cardiovascular diseases. However, the survival rate of HF remains poor, and the health burden from this condition is increasing globally. Aim & Objective: 1.To study Clinical profile of heart failure. 2. To study outcome of patients of heart failure Methods: Prospective cross sectional study, Study setting: Medicine Department of tertiary care centre. Study population: The study population included all the cases with HF admitted at a tertiary care center Sample size: 100 Results: majority of cases were found in above 70 years group e.g.70 followed by 51-60 years age group 22 cases, 61-70,41-50,31-40,21-30 and 18-30 found 17,15,14,5 and 1 case respectively. majority of study participants were Males contributing 60 (60%) and Females 40 (40%). majority of cases had a history of Hypertension 86, followed by Smoking were present in 40 cases, Alcohol history reported by 37 cases, 23 cases were found with DM, Rheumatic heart disease in 17 cases and metabolic syndrome found in 15 cases. Majority of cases complained Dyspnoea on exertion e.g. 89 followed by Orthopnoea in 73 cases, Pedal oedema in 67, Chest pain 56, Palpitation 49,cough 40,syncope 40 and other compained reported by 56 cases. majority of cases discharged 81, DAMA 12 cases and 7 cases death during treatment Conclusions: Heart failure was seen commonly in age group of above 70 years. most common risk factor was HTN. Hospital mortality was 7%

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 3

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    ASSESSMENT OF SERUM URIC ACID LEVELS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS ATTENDING A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL


    Dr.Onkar Kashyap , Mrs.Gogineni Rajyalakshmi ,Dr.Md Masood Ahmed Shareef , Dr.Syam Sundar Junapudi
    JCDR. 2023: 408-412

    Abstract

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the serum uric acid levels in patients with T2DM attending a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Mahabubabad,Telangana.. A total of 100 patients diagnosed with T2DM were included in the study. The serum uric acid levels were measured using standard laboratory methods. Data on demographic characteristics, medical history, and medications were collected through a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 57.3 years, and 55% were male. The mean serum uric acid level was 6.7 mg/dL. 41% of the participants had hyperuricemia (serum uric acid level ≥ 7.0 mg/dL). There was a significant positive correlation between serum uric acid levels and age, body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose (FBG), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and serum creatinine levels (p < 0.05). No significant association was found between serum uric acid levels and gender or duration of diabetes. Conclusion: The study found a high prevalence of hyperuricemia in patients with T2DM attending a tertiary care hospital. Serum uric acid levels were positively associated with age, BMI, FBG, HbA1c, and serum creatinine levels. These findings suggest that routine monitoring of serum uric acid levels may be beneficial in identifying those at risk of developing cardiovascular and renal complications in patients with T2DM. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm these findings and establish the clinical significance of these associations

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    Volume 14 Issue 5

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    THE EFFECTS OF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING ON CARDIO VASCULAR FUNCTION IN SEDENTARY INDIVIDUALS


    Dr. Anshul Singhai ,Dr. Ayesha Munawar ,Dr. Shaikh Jeenifer Begum , Dr. Ankit Awadhiya
    JCDR. 2023: 413-420

    Abstract

    Aim: To investigate the effects of HIIT on cardiovascular function in sedentary individuals. Methods: Fifty sedentary individuals (25 males and 25 females) were recruited and randomly assigned into either an experimental (HIIT) or a control group. The experimental group underwent a 12-week HIIT program, while the control group maintained their sedentary lifestyle. Cardiovascular function was assessed by measuring resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure (BP), and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) at baseline and after 12 weeks.Results: At baseline, there were no significant differences between the HIIT and control groups in RHR, BP, or VO2max. After 12 weeks, the HIIT group had a significant decrease in RHR (from 75.2 ± 8.3 bpm to 68.3 ± 7.5 bpm, p < 0.001) and BP (systolic BP from 124.7 ± 11.5 mmHg to 118.3 ± 9.9 mmHg, p = 0.001; diastolic BP from 78.6 ± 8.5 mmHg to 72.9 ± 6.8 mmHg, p < 0.001), and a significant increase in VO2max (from 31.6 ± 4.1 ml/kg/min to 36.8 ± 4.3 ml/kg/min, p < 0.001) compared to the control group. In contrast, there were no significant changes in RHR, BP, or VO2max in the control group.Conclusion: The results suggest that HIIT may be an effective intervention to improve cardiovascular function in sedentary individuals. These findings have important implications for developing interventions to prevent or treat cardiovascular diseases in sedentary populations. Future research should investigate the long-term effects of HIIT on cardiovascular function and other health outcomes in sedentary individuals.

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 5

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    EFFECT OF PRE DISCHARGE COUNSELING ON KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ABOUT PREVAILING MYTHS AND SOCIAL BELIEFS IN NEWBORNS DISCHARGED FROM NICU


    Dr. Hari Narayan Tiwari, Dr. Nishant Prabhakar,Dr. Neha Jain
    JCDR. 2023: 550-556

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE:- To study the effect of pre discharge counseling on knowledge, attitude and practice about prevailing myths and social beliefs in newborns discharged from NICU STUDY DESIGN:- Prospective questionnaire based observational study METHOD:- We included 365 postnatal mothers in the study. Structured 10 item questionnaire presented to them in their vernacular language before and after counseling about prevailing myths and beliefs and same questionnaire done after 7 days in follow up. Pretest, Posttest and follow-up answers collected systematically in form of knowledge, attitude and practice and analyzed. RESULTS:- Mean knowledge score was 0.4 ± 0.491 before counseling and it was 0.94 ± 0.231 after counseling and 0.9 ± 0.302 at first follow up at 7 days. Mean attitude score was 0.33 ± 0.47 before counseling and 0.82 ± 0.385 after counseling and 0.8 ± 0.401 at first follow up. Mean practice score was 0.3 ± 0.458 before counseling and 0.99 ± 0.104 after counseling and 0.7 ± 0.458 at first follow up. A significant association was found in all KAP scores before and after counseling with P value <0.05. CONCLUSION:- In this study we observed pre discharge counseling about myths and social beliefs have a significant impact on their knowledge, attitude and practice. It is recommended in all NICU settings and it may have a large impact on community level too.

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    Volume 14 Issue 5

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    Assessment of the Standardized Reference Range for HOMA – IR among Apparently Normal Population of Ottappalam


    Amruth Raj, Prakash S, Mohammed Shaheer A M, Nehal Kunjumoidu P, R.C. Krishna Kumar
    JCDR. 2023: 593-597

    Abstract

    Aim: To determine the standardized reference range for HOMA – IR among apparently normal population of Ottappalam. Methodology: 100 apparently normal subjects were selected and subjected to blood pressure measurement, Weight and height, BMI, Triglyceride, HDL and LDL cholesterol and HOMA – IR was calculated. Results: Age group 20-25 years had 5%, 26-30 years had 80%, 31-35 years had 9%, 36-40 years had 3% and >40 years had 3% patients. The mean age was 28.78 years. Most of the subjects taken for the study were females – 62%. Most of the subjects were in the 18.5 – 22.9 kg/m2 group (94%). Minimum value of HOMA – IR was 0.74 and maximum value was 5.38. Mean HOMA – IR for the apparently normal population of Ottappalam was calculated as 2.65. Range for HOMA – IR according to 95% confidence intervals was 2.46 to 2.84. HOMA – IR had a positive correlation with age, which means as age advances the insulin resistance also rises, p value for this observation being 0.023. HOMA – IR had a positive correlation with BMI, p value being <0.001. HOMA – IR had a positive correlation with both systolic and diastolic BP. Fasting plasma insulin levels had positive correlation with BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressures.

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    Volume 14 Issue 5

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    Managing Peritonitis Secondary to Hollow Viscus Perforation: An Analysis of Perioperative Complications at a Tertiary Care Centre


    Dr. Rohit Kumar Singh, Dr. Sweta Singh, Dr. Puneet, Dr.Ajay K Khanna
    JCDR. 2023: 615-619

    Abstract

    Peritonitis caused by hollow viscus perforation is a life-threatening condition that requires emergency surgical care and is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the operating surgeon faces a challenge to provide appropriate management that can lead to a better outcome. As a result, a thorough evaluation is necessary. Method From August 2020 to July 2021, a study was conducted at IMS BHU. The study involved analysing data from 192 cases of peritonitis caused by hollow viscus perforation. The study focused on identifying the causes of the condition, surgical interventions, and peri-operative complications. Appropriate statistical analyses were performed to draw conclusions. Result Of the 192 cases analysed, males accounted for154 while females were 38 with an average age of 45 years. The primary cause of peritonitis was gastric ulcer (GU) perforation, followed by idiopathic, infective, malignancy, appendicular perforation, and trauma.

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    Volume 14 Issue 5

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    Significance of serum ferritin, interleukin 6 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate as a marker of COVID 19 disease Severity.


    Mohd Kashif, Mohd Ashraf, Ashaq Hussain Parrey, Mohd Ismail, Basharat Kasana, Mir Sadaqat, Manzoor Koka, Syed Mahapara, Isma Shafi
    JCDR. 2023: 1035-1041

    Abstract

    Inflammatory responses play a critical role in the COVID-19 disease. These Markers have been reported to be significantly associated with the high risks of developing severe COVID- 19. Our study highlights the role of interleukin 6 (IL6), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum ferritin in predicting the severity COVID-19. Objectives To investigate and correlate inflammatory markers Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Interleukin 6 and Serum Ferritin with the severity of Covid-19. Key words Covid 19, Interlukin6, Serum ferritin,Erythocyte sedmentation rate,Disease severity. Results Out of 307 patients, we found all the three inflammatory markers (IL6, ESR and serum ferritin) correlate with disease severity the mean ESR in mild, moderate and severe COVID 19 disease was 35,42 and 55.5 respectively. The mean IL6 in mild, moderate and severe COVID 19 disease was 14,33 and 61 respectively and the mean serum ferritin in mild, moderate and severe COVID 19 disease was 253,373 and 801 respectively. Conclusions These inflammatory parameters could be used in for prompt identification of severe covid-19 disease patients and subsequently triaging them for initiation of treatment protocols

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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 5

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