ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Assessment of clinical profile of patients with intestinal obstruction in tertiary care centre: A cross-sectional study

    Dr. Kartik Rajpal, Dr. Shirobhi Sharma, Dr. Nishant Wadhera, Dr. Ravina Suresh Ramnani, Dr. Amrit Kahlon, Dr. Tannishtha Arora
    JCDR. 2023: 720-727


    The term "bowel blockage" refers to any mechanical or functional obstruction of the small or large bowel that stops intestinal contents from moving through the colon. Bowel obstruction can occur in either the small or the large bowel. Materials and method: This observational cross-sectional study was performed in a tertiary care hospital. The study population has been calculated by using G-power software which was determined to be 300 patients. Patients were determined to have acute or subacute intestinal blockage with the assistance of a patient's history, physical examination, relevant blood and radiographic studies such as chest x-rays, abdominal x-rays, ultrasonography, and if necessary, a CT scan. Results: The mean age was 46.02±20.60 (12-80) years with 63.2% males and 36.8% females. Abdominal pain, Constipation, Nausea and vomiting, Abdominal tenderness, Abdominal distension, Anorexia, Weight loss, and Guarding and rigidity among 95.6%, 94.4%, 92.8%, 94.4%, 94.0%, 93.6%, 93.6% and 95.6% respectively. Majority reported the etiology for intestinal obstruction to be Adhesion (31.2%). Majority of the cases presented at more than 72 hours (41.6%). Conservative treatment was done for 28.8% and Operative treatment for 71.2% cases. Wound infection was reported among 24.7% and Mortality reported among 8.0% patients. Conclusion: Because it is the most prevalent surgical complication in the area, wound infection should be improved in the area that is the subject of the study. The most common causes of blockage in the small intestine and the large gut were adhesions and malignant tumours, respectively.


    » PDF

    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 2