ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Correlation of Myocardial Infarction with Palmar Dermatoglyphic Pattern : A Comparative Dermatoglyphic study

    Dr. Pawan Kumar Mahato, Reenu Kumari, Dr. Nivedita Pandey, Amod Kumar Yadav
    JCDR. 2024: 849-858


    The myocardial infarction, commonly known as heart attack, is caused by coronary artery disease, and it remains a major cause of mortality globally.Since MI is prevalent in both developed and developing countries, there is need for a simple and cost effective tool for screening. Hereby we shall study the north Indian population with its genetic disposition on myocardial infarction in co-relation with the dermatoglyphic pattern of palm and fingers. According to the available literature, there has been found a genetic correlation between the dermatoglyphics and myocardial infarction. The present study is also to test the same hypothesis to find out any correlation and its uses as a diagnostic tool. The present study was conducted after taking informed consent form from 150 patients of myocardial infarction as cases while 150 normal health individual were included in the study as controls. Fingerprints were taken using the method described by Cummin and Mildo [1,2]. The earlier studies shows that the important palmar dermatoglyphics pattern that are a-b ridge count and atd angle have a specific position and pattern which is markedly different in Myocardial infarction cases and control. On statistical analysis a small decrease in the mean value of ab ridge count was reported in Myocardial Infarction males and Myocardial Infarction (M+F), when compared with controls. On the contrary there was a small increase in mean value of ab ridge count in Myocardial Infarction females as compared to control females. In case of atd angle, it was reported that there is increase in the mean value of at angle in Myocardial infarction males and females as compared to controls. Similarly the increase was also found in both right and left hands in Myocardial Infarction when compared between the two groups. Dermatoglyphics and Myocardial infarction has shown a close correlation due to genetic disposition. Thus it can be used as one of the cost effective diagnostic tool for early diagnosis of pre disposition of Myocardial Infarction.


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    Volume 15 Issue 2