ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Cytopathological pattern of cervical pap smears: A retrospective descriptive study at a tertiary care centre in a South Indian state

    Dr.Anitha S, Dr. Veena K R Bhagavan, Dr. Venati. Divya
    JCDR. 2024: 456-462


    Cervical cancer ranks as the 2nd most frequent cancer among women in India. Papanicolaou (Pap) smear test is the mainstay of cervical cancer screening. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of cervical epithelial abnormalities and to evaluate the pattern of cervical Pap smear cytology at a tertiary care centre. Materials and Methods: This is a hospital based retrospective descriptive study conducted among the patients who previously attended OPD of Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology between the period of May 2022 and May 2023 and included evaluation of all the pap smears (the Bethesda system 2014) reported during this time period. Results: In the present study, 1318 cases were analysed during the study period. 34 smears (2.57%) were found to be unsatisfactory for evaluation and 1267 (96.13%) were NIEL/ NIEM. 5 smears (0.37%) were found to be ASC-US, 7 smears (0.53%) were found to be ASC-H, 2 smears (0.15%) were found to be HSIL and 4 smears (0.30%) were found to be reported with Squamous cell carcinoma. Among the smears which reported infections, bacterial vaginosis was the most common one. Conclusion: It was reported that premalignant and malignant lesions of cervix are not much common in our setting.


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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 15 Issue 2