ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Determining the accuracy various measures of the PA, as viewed on HRCT, predict right heart catheterisation (RHC)-confirmed pulmonary hypertension

    Dr. Pavani Tummala
    JCDR. 2022: 1603-1608


    We aimed to determine how accurately various measures of the PA, as viewed on HRCT, predict right heart catheterisation (RHC)-confirmed pulmonary hypertension. Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Radiology, Mamata Medical College, Khammam 500 patients were included in the study. Patients with a CT scan within 90 days of MRI and RHC were included. In order to meet inclusion criteria, a diagnostic quality CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) with a slice thickness of less than 5 mm was required. Results: We included 500 scans from 500 patients; 300 (60%) had RHC-confirmed pulmonary hypertension, with mPAP ⩾25 mmHg. Compared with the non-pulmonary hypertension group, the group with pulmonary hypertension had greater MPAD, RPAD, LPAD and PA:Ao in both respiratory cycles, whereas the PA angle was greater in the non-pulmonary hypertension group. In the subgroup with pulmonary hypertension, the median MPAD was 34.60 mm in inspiration and 34.65 mm in expiration, while in the non-pulmonary hypertension group it was 30.00 mm in inspiration and 30.50 mm in expiration. For the cohort as a whole, the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) for inspiratory MPAD and inspiratory PA:Ao (for RHC-confirmed pulmonary hypertension defined as Mpap ⩾25 mmHg) were 0.741 and 0.750, respectively. For the cohort as a whole, the cut-offs MPAD ⩾32.5 mm and PA:Ao ⩾0.94 yielded the most favourable diagnostic profiles. Conclusion: Findings on HRCT may assist in the diagnosis of RHC-confirmed pulmonary hypertension. MPAD ⩾29 mm had high sensitivity and PA:Ao ⩾1.0 had high specificity. Compared with the entire cohort, MPAD had greater sensitivity in ILD and PA:Ao had higher specificity in COPD


    » PDF

    Volume & Issue

    Volume 13 Issue 4