ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Epidemiology of Different Types of Cancers Reported in Salah al-Din, Iraq

    Hanan Waleed Muhamed AL-SAMMARRAIE, Marwan Q.AL-Samarraie, Tabark Emad Mahmood, Zaid M.Hassan
    JCDR. 2023: 408-416


    Cancer represents a major burden on health care in both developed and developing countries. Efforts in Iraq may be hampered by lack of awareness of the predictors of early cancer screening due to the complexities of these tests. The study aims to report the incidence and patterns of different types of cancers and their distribution across different demographic groups in Salah al-Din Governorate, Iraq. Method: The study included registered cancer cases from June/2020 to December/2021. In Salah Al-Din Health Department - Oncology Center / Tikrit, patients' records were analyzed to obtain information related to age, gender, residence, and type of cancer. Results: 376 people with cancer were collected, 249 females and 127 males, who were confirmed to have cancer types prevalent in Salah Al-Din. The highest cancer is the breast cancer in females, where it was 38%. The highest cancer in males is prostate cancer, with a rate of 7%. Less cancer (cancer of the mouth, cancer of the tongue, cancer of the esophagus, cancer of the intestine, cancer of the lymph nodes, cancer of the larynx, cancer of the placenta, cancer of the vagina, cancer of the sinuses, cancer of the eye and cancer of the duodenum. The highest age group affected for females was between 50-60. The highest age group affected among males was between 70-80. The highest number of people with cancer by district is Tikrit, followed by Samarra. The highest number of infected females are housewives. The highest number of infected males is the earners. We recommend preliminary procedures in each district that is connected to the main center in Tikrit. Awareness lectures should also be held at the governorate level on how to stay away from the causes of cancer such as smoking, alcohol and others. As well as guiding women on how to deal with detergents, chemicals, dyes and hair straighteners, and reduce body exposure to laser radiation. We recommend a periodic examination every 6 months and monitoring vitamins In case of injury, it must be reviewed and dealt with as soon as possible, whether by surgical intervention, chemical or radiological intervention


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    Volume 14 Issue 2