ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Incidence and risk factors of atopic dermatitis among children in northern India

    Dr. Paresh Shirish Agiwal, Dr. Swati Agrawal, Dr. Meenu Saharan Dr. Chirag Chadha
    JCDR. 2023: 364-368


    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly pruritic, chronic inflammatory, non-communicable and relapsing skin disease that affects all age groups, posing a significant burden on health-care resources and patients' quality of life (QoL). Objective: To study the clinical features, various risk factors, and their correlation with the severity of atopic dermatitis in northern Indian children. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective, descriptive study conducted in the department of Dermatology in a tertiary care teaching hospital in northern India. The study population included 380 atopic dermatitis patients upto 15 years of age attending the Out Patient Department of Dermatology. Results: The incidence of AD was 8.92%. Most of the patients (80.1%) were below six year of age. Male: Female ratio was 1.3:1. 50.5% of patients belonged to middle socio economic class, 58.9% of patients were from urban area. Family history of atopy was noted in 52.1% cases. 94.4% of patients have Pruritus and 88.9% had Chronic relapsing eczema. The most common site of involvement was face (70.5%), 64.2% of AD patients had mild disease. Conclusion: This guidance focuses on identifying the unmet gaps and provides practical recommendations for improving QoL, diagnosis, prognosis, and overall management of patients with AD in India.


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    Volume 14 Issue 2