ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research


    Dr. Nagaraj S, Dr. Suguna S, Dr. Kusumadevi M S
    JCDR. 2024: 313-320


    Background::Hypertension is a major public health problem among non communicable diseases in India. It is an important area of research due to its high prevalence and being major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other complications. Objectives: Aim of this study to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among adult population living in study area. Material & Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted in department of medicine, in a tertiary care hospital, India. Participants > 18 years of age with both sexes were enrolled in the study. A socio-demographics data was collected; family history of hypertension, clinical examination, blood pressure measurement and all relevant investigation was done. Results The prevalence of hypertension among study participants was 24.35%. Prevalence of hypertension was found more in male subjects as compared to females’ subjects. The risk factors found to be significantly associated with HTN in this study were increasing age, male gender, family history of hypertension, obesity (high\ BMI), diabetes, smoking, alcohol, sedentary lifestyle and hyperlipidemia Conclusion: There is significant association of hypertension was found in obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, stress and diabetes mellitus. Strong public health measures need to be seriously implemented to combat hypertension and its consequences.


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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 15 Issue 2