ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Prevalence and Risk factors associated with hypertension in young and middle age population (15-45 years) in rural settings

    Viral Shah, Mahjabin Hirani, Kinjal Rami, Swati Misra
    JCDR. 2023: 932-939


    Paradigm shift from communicable to non-communicable disease generated need to study further for non-communicable disease. Hypertension is serious medical condition which can affects other organs of body and can lead to death. The burden of hypertension is felt disproportionately in low- and middle-income countries, where two thirds of cases are found, largely due to increased risk factors in those populations in recent decades. Aims & Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension in young and middle-aged population (15-45years) Methodology: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted in young and middle age population of rural setting of Aliabada village during period of September, 21 to February 2022. Total 246 participants were enrolled in study by simple random sampling from sampling frame of 5431 participants. Principal instrument for data collection was questionnaire form consist of socio-demographic details and risk factors of hypertension. Blood pressure of participants was measured and recorded in data collection form. Data were entered and analyzed in SPSS version 21. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify associated risk factors for hypertension. Results: Prevalence of hypertension was 17.03%. Higher age (AOR: 3.23 CI: 1.19-9.24, p=0.019), High salt intake> 10gms/day (AOR: 5.32 CI: 2.75-21.05, p=0.002), Obesity (BMI >25) (AOR: 0.27 CI: 0.11-0.72, p=0.007), and high stress score (27-40) (AOR:3.69 CI: 1.68-13.52, p=0.001) were significantly associated with increased risk of hypertension. While Gender, Marital status, education, and social class was showed higher odds of developing risk of hypertension suggested by Crude Odds Ratio but this was non-significant association. Conclusion: Overall prevalence of hypertension was 17.03%. Age, Salt intake, Obesity and Stress were independent risk factors for hypertension.


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    Volume 14 Issue 2