ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women in a Block Hospital in Purba Bardhaman District, West Bengal: A Cross-sectional Study

    Jayati Das , Rupali Thakur
    JCDR. 2023: 1453-1456


    Anemia is a common problem in pregnant women, which can lead to adverse health outcomes for both the mother and the baby. This study aims to determine the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in a block hospitalin Purba Bardhaman district and identify associated factors that can inform interventions to address this public health issue. Material and Methodology: This study used a cross-sectional design and recruited 250 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in a rural block hospital. Hemoglobin levels were measured to determine the prevalence and severity of anemia. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data on age, parity, gestational age, education level, and occupation. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, chi-square tests. Results: The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in the rural block was 49.2%, with 27.6% having mild anemia, 18.8% moderate anemia, and 2.8% severe anemia. The study found significant associations between anemia and maternal age, gestational age, and parity. Women aged 30 years and older, those in their third trimester, and those with two or more previous pregnancies had a higher likelihood of anemia. Conclusion: The study findings have important implications for anemia prevention and control programs for pregnant women in rural areas. Strategies that address the identified risk factors should be implemented to reduce the adverse effects of anemia on maternal and foetal health. Future research should explore the effectiveness of these interventions and their impact on anemia prevalence among pregnant women in rural areas.



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    Volume 14 Issue 3