ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Self-care activities amongst patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in north Karnataka: A hospital based study

    Dr. Jayaraj Mhetri, Dr. Arati Bhurle, Dr. Santhoshkumar R. Naik, Dr. Shrinivas Patil, Dr. Umesh Ramadurg, Dr. Ashok Dorle
    JCDR. 2024: 460-464


    The rising prevalence of diabetes all over the world, especially in the Indian sub-continent needs self-care from patients to prevent complications. Self-care of the diabetics include, eating healthy food with restriction of calories, physical activities, regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, medications, lifestyle modifications. Multiple studies have shown that regular self-care and adequate precautions are associated with good outcomes. To study the practice of self-care activities among the type 2 diabetics. It is a cross-sectional descriptive study. A modified version of SDSCA was used for the assessment. Patients attending outpatient services in the hospital were interviewed after obtaining the consent. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel 2016 and SPSS 20.1 trial version. Chi-square test and Student’s t-test was used in the present study. 38% patients followed healthy eating plan, 51% of them did some physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day. 92% participants adhered to oral hypoglycemic treatment. 97% participants took insulin on whole week. 67.8% participants washed feet. 22.6% examined the feet for whole week. The health care providers should emphasize on the importance of the educating the diabetic patients regarding the complications


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