ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    To estimate the immunization status of children from 0 to 7 years of age

    Dr. Khaja Amer Khan, Dr. Syed Taha Mustafa
    JCDR. 2023: 145-153


    To ascertain the level of immunization among children aged 0 to 7 years from OPD and those admitted to hospitals with regard to the primary immunizations (BCG, OPV/DPT 1, 2, and 3), the first booster dose of OPV, DPT, as well as the primary doses of Hepatitis B vaccine and coverage of Vitamin A with Measles vaccine. To investigate the variables that affect immunization status. To be aware of the 2 year follow up on the causes of partial and non-immunization. To determine the percentage of vaccine-preventable illnesses in the study group's young subjects. Methods: At the Deccan college of medical sciences & Asra hospital, Hyderabad, information was gathered from the parents of 200 children aged 0 to 7 years who were seen in the outpatient department and those who were admitted. There are patients of every religion. From August 2021 to August 2022, a hospital-based study was conducted. Results: Only 57.6% of children were fully immunized during this study, as we found. Under-immunization appears to be largely attributed to ignorance and a lack of knowledge. The other statistically significant contributing factors for the low vaccination rate are the female gender, rural background, Hindu community membership, and being born at home. BCG vaccination coverage was higher (96.5%) than DPT's first booster dose (58%), which received the worst response. A vitamin A solution was given to only 67% of the kids, and 5.83% of the kids in the study had a disease that could have been prevented by a vaccine. Conclusion: The immunization status of children aged 0 to 7 from OPD and those admitted to the hospital associated with the College of Medical Sciences was examined in this hospital-based observational study. The following findings are what we've arrived at. 200 cases in total; 57.6% were fully immunized, 38% were partially immunized, and 3.5% were not. Lack of knowledge about the recommended immunization schedule, a lack of motivation, and parental ignorance were the most frequent factors in our study that led to failure to immunize. 64% of parents cited two or more factors.


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    Volume 14 Issue 2