ISSN 0975-3583

Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research

    Use of Foot Pumps Following Total Knee Replacement as a Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism: A Prospective Study.

    Dr. Vanchhit Singh, Dr. Vimal Singh, Dr. PK Verma, Dr. PK Laktakia
    JCDR. 2023: 2196-2200


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate foot pumps as mechanical prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total knee replacement (TKR). Methods: All consecutive patients following TKR during 2017-2023 received routine duplex ultrasound surveillance for DVT 9 days postoperatively. The demographic data and risk factors were recorded. No medication was given for DVT prophylaxis in all patients. Results: We evaluated 91 consecutive TKRs in 85 patients. Although 44 knee replacements (Group 1) done before December 2019 were not given foot pumps, 47 knee replacements (Group 2) done afterwards were given foot pumps. All patients were followed up for more than 6 months. DVT was detected in three cases (6.8%) in Group 1 compared with four knees (8.5%) in Group 2. Proximal thrombosis was observed in two knees (4.5%) in Group 1 compared with two knees (4.3%) in Group 2. No patient had pulmonary embolism. Six out of 59 (10.2%) patients who underwent the operations under general anaesthesia suffered from DVT, whereas one in 28 (3.6%) patients operated under spinal anaesthesia had DVT. All had no statistical significance. Conclusion: The rate of proximal DVT after TKR was low (4.5%) without pharmacological prophylaxis. We advise against the use of pharmacological prophylaxis for TKRs because of the low risk of proximal DVT and its possible bleeding complications. Foot pump did not lower the rate of DVTfurther, and its use for DVT prophylaxis in TKR is not necessary.



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    Volume & Issue

    Volume 14 Issue 2